Situational leadership is leadership that involves the change in approach that a leader must take into consideration the day-to-day challenges of a work environment. It is the ability to adjust one’s leadership style to any change in the work environment. It also involves examining a situation to determine the best course of action. Situation leaders adjust how to approach the different personality traits of the people they are leading. Every person views a situation from a different perspective.
There are a number of models that have been developed to analyse leadership styles and to help me explore my own, I am going to use Douglas McGregor’s “XY Theory”, Ken Blanchard’s “Situational Leadership” and John Adair’s “Action Centred Leadership.” Douglas McGregor – XY Theory X Y Autocratic Style Democratic style McGregor’s theory describes a continuum whereby “X” is at one end of a sliding scale and “Y” the other. It assesses the behaviour of the leader and the attitude of those being led and how this can have an effect, both positive and negative, on workforce motivation. Under the autocratic leadership style of “X”, all decision-making powers are centralized in the leader. It permits quick decision-making, as only one person decides for the whole group and they keep each decision to themselves until they feel it needs to be shared with the rest of the group. But it also makes an assumption that workers need to be coerced into doing their jobs correctly and naturally leads to a much tougher approach with them, usually through a system of rewards and punishments.
Leaders set the overall vision for the organization and establish its goals and processes. “[A leader’s] ability to bring forth—maximize—the potential and abilities of those under [his] leadership marks [him] as a great competitor and leader.” (Wooden and Jamison, 2005 p.289-290). The next step is completing an assessment tool or survey which will allow opportunities as we proceed forward with creating and defining our organizational culture. The best way to determine the source of an issue is to ask the right questions to those that are truly effected by the issue. The survey will allow the participators to express publically or anonymously the specifics truthfully.
Leadership is the process of influencing an individual socially in order to accomplish a common task. According to Schein (2010), a leader is someone who guides the employees to achieve the organizational goals or the leader is someone whom people follow. There are various leadership theories that have been introduced in the world such as trait leadership theory, behavioural leadership theory, contingency theory and transactional and transformational leadership theory. In my opinion, each leadership theory has its own advantages and limitation when we apply it to the real world. This essay analyses the three leadership theories and its application in the real world: situational leadership, servant leadership and transformational leadership.
Also will need to establish the productivity measures and compare those with the company or organization figures. Lastly, the manager will need to have a team meeting; take contribution on achieving the goals set by the manager, and institute a common goal for the teams. The transformational leadership style will work for the restructuring strategy with the new management practices, because the teams are mature and under the strong leadership of new management. In order to allow the new transformational leadership to be effective, one will have to recognize critical competencies, educate their employees, and motivate, empower, and encourage the teams to facilitate them to focus on accomplishing their goals effectively. It is important to engage the employees in the critical thinking process, decision making process and setting a common subsidiary goal that will be able to help the specialists to merge well with the existing teams.
If not how does it affect you organizational effectiveness? In general is it essential for the employees of the organization to know the strategic plan? Support reasons. What factors should be taken into account while developing a roadmap for a strategic plan? Give examples of external and internal change agents?
In addition, management controls the process as well as providing the path, rules, and resources to reach the companies goal (Kumle, 2006). Roles of Managers and Leaders Some say that the difference between a manager and being a leader is that management is career while leadership is a calling. Being a leader, one has to have a clearly defined convictions and most importantly, the courage of one’s convictions to see them manifest into reality (Kossoff, 2011). Effective leadership skills are developed and refined by time, experience, and a true desire to be more than just a manager, but a true leader. What roles do managers and leaders play in today’s environment?
Managing Change Part II MGT/426 Managing Change At times organizations tend to take on their own culture and in doing so, they face different challenges and changes. For Citigroup to compete, stay financially fit, and adapt, the organizations has to change. Citigroup’s employees must understand how change can be beneficial to the organizational and to them as well. By implementing change will allow the organization grow, meet customers’ needs, challenge the employees to improve his or her skills. Change is imperative for Citigroup to remain relevant.
At the individual one, receptivity denotes person’s wish to consider change; at the organizational one it “refers to organization members’ willingness to consider proposed changes and to recognize the legitimacy of such proposal”. About the Mobilization, at the individual level it refers to the “concrete action taken by a person in the direction of change”; at the organizational one, it refers to the “process of rallying and propelling different segment of the organization to undertake joint action and to realize common change goals”. Mobilization involves collaborative know-how, the capacity to implement change that “cut across department, individual, and time” and it needs “active collaboration between team members”. Moreover mobilization during radical changes require emotional energy, “strong motivation and commitments promote strong effort to complete the action in spite of great difficulties”. In the end we should say that mobilization and receptivity interact.
In this article the authors examine individual and social factors that help to determine whether leaders will use their personal power to advance organizational goals or whether they will act to advance their own self-interest. Results demonstrated that although leaders often prioritize group goals, in situations where the individual thinks that their individual power is threatened leaders who were high on a trait called dominance motivation chose to work within the scope of their own self-interest at the expense of group goals. These findings underscore important traits that help to predict how and when a leader might choose personal power over the success and direction of the organization. I chose this article because it is well grounded in research and it is practical and useful for organizations. The authors’ arguments and hypotheses are grounded in evolutionary theories of power and leadership.