Leadership and Organizational Culture

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TOPIC 8 Critically evaluate the impact of leadership on organizational culture. Your answer should be illustrated using relevant organizational examples. Table of Contents 1. Introduction 4 2. Organizational Culture 6 3. Leadership 6 4. The Relationship between Leadership and Organizational Culture 8 4.1 Leadership influences Organizational Culture 8 4.1.1 The factors of Leadership affect Organizational Culture 8 4.1.2 The case study: Facebook – The World’s largest Social Network was founded by Mark Zuckerberg 9 4.2 Organizational Culture leads Leadership 11 4.2.1 How the Organizational Culture leads Leadership? 11 4.2.2 The case study: Hewlett-Packard's Company (HP) with the chairman and CEO Mark Hurd 12 5. Conclusion 13 References 16 1. Introduction Almost organizations have been recently concentrating on people to achieve the organizational objective; moreover, the organization cannot reach their goals without their employees. Therefore it would be very important to have quality human resource with good skills and knowledge. In order to creating good working environment for employees, the organization must have managerial and leadership strategies and the ways which may positively impact on the employees' behavior towards achieving their organizational objectives. Chemers M (1997) showed that leadership has been described as the "process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of common tasks". As a result it might have significant influences to the efforts and motivation of employees on their working performance. In addition, leadership can build; influence and changing the organizational culture and it might contribute to the establishment of the organizational culture. One of the primary responsibilities of strategic leader is to create working

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