The Theories Of Postpartum Depression

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Depression is often described by, complaints of sadness, hopelessness, and despair. This can occur at any age and if left untreated it can result in suicide. A person feels helpless, thinks their life does not matter. A major depressive disorder consists of at least one episode of serious mood depression accompanied by a number of changes in behavior. Complaints frequently include a loss of interest and pleasure, and withdrawal from activities. Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, anxiety, and shame are reported because individuals with major depression view their illness as a moral deficiency. Physical symptoms that suggest emotional distress include unexplained weight loss or weight gain, disturbed sleep, decreased energy, poor eye contact, monosyllabic speech, and indifference to pleasure or joy (Human Diseases, 2006). Subcategories of depression include seasonal affective disorder, postpartum depression, dysthymia, and premenstrual dysmorphic disorder. Seasonal affective disorder is believed to be due to decreased sunlight exposure during the winter months. Postpartum depression usually occurs 2 weeks to 6 months following the birth of a child. Persistent care of the newborn, sleep deprivation, social stresses, and hormonal changes all play a role in the development of postpartum…show more content…
The most well known one is the serotonin theory that depression is caused by low levels of serotonin in your brain. Studies have been done in humans which show that depleting tryptophan, the amino acid required for serotonin production, can result in decreased mood and increased irritability in humans If it really was serotonin, then all you'd have to do to relieve depression would be to increase serotonin levels in your brain. One of the main drugs used to do this is Prozac. It is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor or SSRI for short. There are many drugs now on the market to control the symptems of
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