[pic] Schizophrenia, severe mental disorder characterised by a profound disruption of cognition and emotion, which affects a person’s language, thought, perception, affect and even sense of self. In most countries across the world, the lifetime risk of being diagnosed with schizophrenia is 1 per cent. There is a distinction between acute and chronic onset schizophrenia. In chronic onset, there is often an insidious change in an apparently normal young person who gradually loses drive and motivation and starts to drift away from friends. After months or even years of this deterioration, more obvious signs of disturbance such as delusional ideas or hallucinations, appear.
|Ellen believes she is experiencing a severe case of depression. She has lost her appetite and is experiencing weight lose, as | |well as insomnia. These symptoms have been occurring for over a month and she is now experiencing thoughts of suicide. | 1b. Can Ellen be said to be suffering from a major depressive disorder?
In The Kite Runner mental illnesses are shown in different ways. Some examples of these illnesses would be Adjustment disorder, antisocial personality disorder, bipolar disorder, depressive disorder, Narcissistic personality disorder and Post-traumatic stress disorder. These illnesses are found commonly in people and other look at those people and think of them differently because of the way they are. Adjustment disorder is a group of symptoms, such as stress, feeling sad or hopeless, and physical symptoms that can occur after you put your body through a stressful event. These symptoms generally begin within three months of the event and last for no longer than six months after the situation.
It often develops in a person’s late teens or early adult years. At least half of all cases start before age 25. Like diabetes or heart disease, bipolar disorder is a long-term illness that must be carefully managed throughout a person's life. People with bipolar are more likely to abuse drugs or alcohol, have relationship problems, or perform poorly in school or at work. Symptoms of mania associated with bipolar are mood changes and behavioral changes.
Many researchers, such as Crow (1985) believe there are two different types of SZ with different underlying pathology. Type 1 SZ is the type of SZ which would be associated with the Dopamine Hypothesis; it involves DA dysfunction, is characterised by positive symptoms and responds well to anti-psychotic medication. Type 2 SZ, however, is the type that is unsupportive of the Dopamine Hypothesis- it is a neurodevelopmental disorder arising from prenatal insults or perinatal insults, characterised by negative symptoms and does not respond well to antipsychotic drugs. The idea of different types of SZ suggests that DA is not the only
Grieving is health, but often painful emotional reaction to loss. Abnormal grieving occurs when this reaction is prolonged, delayed or otherwise unresolved over a long period of time. Grieving is considered abnormal when it is accompanied by suicidal thoughts or if they are psychotic symptoms such as loss of contact with reality or they are significant weight gain or weight loss. Abnormal grieving is more likely to occur in difficult circumstances, for example when there are multiple losses within a short period of time. Delayed grief sometimes result in abnormal grieving.
Acetylcholine acts as a neuromodulator which engage in direct synaptic transmission between specific neurons. In the CNS acetylcholine plays a role in attention and arousal in the PNS it works as a major part of the autonomic nervous system and works to activate muscles (Waymire, 1997). Acetylcholine is involved in voluntary movement, learning, memory, and sleep. | | | | Pharmacological agent prescribed to increasethe neurotransmitter: | List three possible side effects linked to this agent: | To increase the neurotransmitter in the body the supplement choline bitartrate and CDP-Choline and herbal agents ginseng and ginkgo biloba (Moore, 2013). | 1) Low blood pressure | | 2) Stomach ache | | 3) Increase perspiration and salivation (Moore, 2013) | Example of a neurological disorder, disease, or condition where this agent occurs | List possible risks associated with not taking this agent for the disorder, disease, or condition: | A severe autoimmune muscular disease by varying progressions of defects of the skeletal muscles in the body is known as myasthenia gravis.
When the symptoms of ASD last for more than one month, the disorder is then called Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Internal occurrences such as pressure, uncontrollability, and frustration are also types of stressors. Researchers suggest that any major life change, such as moving, getting married, getting a new job, result in stress. Holmes and Rahe developed the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) to measure the amount of change and therefore, stress in a person’s life. Researchers have also found a sufficient correlation between scores on the SRRS and physical health.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, also known as PTSD, can be defined as a mental health condition that's triggered by a terrifying event. Symptoms usually include flashbacks, nightmares and severe anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the particular event. Not everyone who goes through a traumatic event will develop PTSD. Although a victim of a traumatic event may have trouble coping and adapting after the incident, it’s not considered PTSD until those symptoms become disruptive to everyday life, and last for at least a month after the event. In some cases, the symptoms won’t even appear until months or years after the traumatic experience.