Does an individual’s acoustic startle response increase during their drug addiction or while they are in recovery. Based on this could we determine early on in an individual life if an individual lacks the acoustic startle response are they more apt to become addicted to an illegal substance. One way to understand the relationship between addiction and acoustic startle response is through integration of Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) and Psychopharmacology. PNI deals with the body’s psychobiological responses to stress. The foundation of Psychological stress has been found to be based on the lack of control and predictability.
Addiction is a Family Problem …..and More Wino, alco, drunk, lush, crack-head, dipso, junkie. These are just a few of the common every day street words often used to describe and label people with a disease called addiction. General perceptions of addicted persons are usually formed by society as a result of reports in the media of the behaviour (misbehaviour) of the person, and it is these behaviours that are used to form a totally negative opinion of addicts. People forget that an addict was not born this way and did not choose to be taken over and controlled by a chemical substance. In other words, there is a human being behind the addiction, one who entered this world just like everyone else, but for some reason, or many reasons, got caught up and trapped in the world of addiction along the way.
There were many reasons an adolescent will try and even abuse different types of drugs and possibly alcohol; some of them included peer pressure, boredom, and curiosity and/or family problems such as parents going through a divorce. There were many warning signs and consequences that both adolescents and others should looked out for when getting involved with drugs. Once addicted to any type of drug, it can have a long-lasting effect on that adolescent's life, which can unfortunately cause death if left untreated. There was hope for those addicted; by one recognizing that may have a problem it can help lead them on the road to recovery, which can be a reward all in itself. However, it was very beneficial for an adolescent to have support from others when recovering, along with encouragement, comfort and guidance.
How HIPPA Violations Affect the Medical Billing Process Kristie Casey-Close HCR/220 September 8, 2010 Pamela Kerby Since the discovery of the viruses that cause Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the early 1980s by the following doctors Dr. Luc Montagnier of the Pasteur Institute in Paris and Dr. Anthony Gallo at the National Cancer Institute in Washington (Rainey, 2006). There has been much controversy over who discovered HIV/AIDS regardless of whom it was we should just be thankful that it was discovered and is being studied so that one day we can find a cure. It is thought that more than one million people are living with HIV in the United States, worldwide at the end of 2007 there was an estimated 33.0 million people living with HIV (Avert, 2009). Since the HIV/AIDS was discovered and brought to be an epidemic there has been over half a million people that have died from complications associated with AIDS- the equivalent of Las Vegas (Avert, 2009).There are approximately 56,000 new HIV infections a year in the United States. HIPPA has found a way to ensure the confidentially of the all people with medical conditions especially those that are suffering with the ever contagious HIV/AIDS (Avert, 2009).
Alcohol dependence and drug abuse The abuse of alcohol and drug abuse can effect a person’s economic, psychologically and physically. Drug and alcohol addiction is said to be the worst kind of addiction that one can have its common and costly. It can cause or worsen many medical problems and destroy families. With most street drugs outlawed in the United States the question still remains: Why is alcohol legal when it has been proven to be a leading cause of death? With that being said alcohol and drug addiction also takes a toll on wallets and families.
Name Professor English 102 6 March 2013 Coronary Heart Disease: A Behavioral Pattern In this article, the American journal of public health published in the 2012 journal, the risk factors associated with coronary heart disease. According to professor Petticrew, It was explained by cardiologist Meyer Firedman and Ray Rosenman who debated that the type A behavioral pattern was a risk factor linked to coronary heart disease. Firedman and Rosenman examined and evaluated the tobacco industry and found out that it was the major founder of type A behavioral pattern research. Coronary heart disease is known as a condition whereby the arteries transporting blood to the heart muscle is narrowed mainly by fat also known as plaque. Mark Petticrew the author of Type A Behavioral pattern and coronary heart disease, is a professor of public health evaluation in the department of social and environmental health research at London school of hygiene and tropical medicine.
The most well known signs of addiction include loss of control over substances or behavior, obsession with a substance or behavior, prolonged use of the substance no matter what the consequences are, and complete denial that there is any type of dependence. Addiction is a strong indicator of much deeper psychological issues, often stemming from early childhood trauma of some kind. Once these issues are faced and dealt with, the use of drugs or any other substance becomes unnecessary in most, if not all cases. Society tends to believe that drug addicts are “weak”, and that if they really wanted to stop using, they could overcome the obsession and compulsion to use drugs. That addicts are anti-social, and that they use because they want to, not because they need to.
Imagine what could happen to the more immature teenagers when they get drunk. Today I’d like to talk about firstly, the effects of alcohol, secondly, different ways you can die by being effected by alcohol, and finally, the effects of alcohol on the young, growing body. Like any drug, alcohol can be addictive, and damaging. It can affect many parts of our bodies in the short and long term. Firstly, let me talk about the short term: 1.
Compassion fatigue can eventually affect one’s personal relations, as it can cause the caregiver to withdraw, isolate, or detach oneself if unaddressed. Failure to cope with work stressors can even lead to risky behaviors, such as alcohol or substance abuse. Compassion
these include physical, social, environment and psychological causes. The physical factor is believe to be as a result of individual's misusing substances, such as drugs or alcohol or injury to the brain. Social and environmental factors suggest that living in poverty or social isolation, being unemployed can contribute to individual mental health. while psychological factor can be as a result of past traumatic experiences such as divorce or bereavement which can have a great influence on individual mental health. cultural background also has an influence on individual when it comes to mental health disorders, ethnic minority are believe to suffer more from mental health disorder, compared to other