What key things do we need to remember with a client before using REBT? (5) 5. What is the key philosophy of CRT (5) 6. Choose three types of confronting using CRT and explain them in your own words using examples (5) 7. What is ‘Attributional’ therapy in your own words (5) 1 Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a form of psychotherapy developed from a combination of cognitive therapy and behavioural therapy.
Running head: Personality Theories Personality Theories PSY/211 Personality Theories The existence of personality theories correspond to how scholars analyze and assess the development of human identity and behavior. Each viewpoint provides a specific understanding of what cultivates personality and the corresponding factors that influence such behavior. One way to analyze personality is through the lens of psychoanalytic theory. The main argument of this theory is that problems or issues pertaining to psychology can be rooted to one’s unconscious (McLeod, 2007). Specifically, the problems are influenced by latent issues surfacing in the conscious mind.
The other purpose of the stroop effect is that it shows the dominations of some parts of the brain and how functional areas are dominated. The studies that have been used to measure the functions in the brain using the FMRI and the EEG have shown that there is a selective activation of the cingulated cortex during the stroop task. stroop effect is tested using the colour identification task. This includes participants being asked to say as
In our matrix we will discuss Allport’s psychology of the individual theory, and the trait and factor theory. Both theories express how personality can change personalities and, the different associations that we have over time. Allport’s theory, psychology of the individual, sees human personality different from psychoanalytical and behavioral views. Allport believed that individual’s personality and behavior were not only determined by experiences stored in the unconscious but also by conscious decisions made in the present (Feist & Feist, 2009). Allport also believed that humans are not only organisms that react to rewards and punishment instead humans can interact with the environment and vice versa (Feist & Feist, 2009).
In cultural psychology the mental processes are compared with the society and the individual who has grown up in that society. Comparatively, cross-cultural psychologists systematically research behavior across cultures in different cultural situations (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Critical Thinking Critical thinking in cross-cultural psychology is important because cross-cultural psychology is about identifying the similarities and differences in individuals and how they function in his or her culture. Critical thinking is about making realistic, valid and reasonable evidence. Critical thinking is described as maintaining an attitude that is open=minded and doubtful (Shiraev & Levy, 2010).
This school of study ultimately depends on the methods of the case studies that are performed to provide the necessary information that will clearly show them the evidence based on motivations. The theory of psychodynamics will tell us that the researcher will be able to collect the correct information based on the subject’s willingness to reveal the truth about themselves in their everyday actions. The Behaviorist Perspective This school of study is also known as “behaviorism.” In this school of study behavior is observed and learned by the way it is shaped by the stimuli in our environment. This study
Phineas Gage Paper This paper will discuss the role that cognitive function plays on the brain, as well as explaining how Phineas Gage’s accident support how the brain deals with cognitive function. When exploring cognitive function, one will find that it is termed as an intellectual or logical process that makes a person aware, comprehend or perceive ideas (CNBC, 2009). Cognitive function would include any and all characteristics of one’s perception- which are, sensing, reasoning, and conception, imagining and remembering (CNBC, 2009). However, there is definitely a flip side to cognitive function and it is classified as being a cognitive impairment. Cognitive impairment is when one has a difficult time in reacting to or dealing with new or novel circumstances (CNBC, 2009).
Discuss the development of perceptual abilities. Include examples from infant and cross cultural studies in your answer (8+16) The development of perceptual abilities is explained through whether the ability is innate, which would be nature, or whether they are learned, which would be nurture. Thus forming the nature vs nurture debate. There are 2 theories of perception: Gregory’s top down indirect theory and Gibson’s bottom up direct theory. The top down theory states that our mind generates expectations about what we are looking at and these expectations help us make sense of the mass information that reaches our eyes.
These big ideas can be categorized under social thinking, social influence, or social relations. The idea that we construct our social reality falls under social thinking, it describes the natural human urge to explain behavior, by attempting to attribute it to a cause, in order to make it seem orderly, predictable, and controllable (Myers, 2010). According to social psychology our social intuitions are powerful and sometimes perilous, suggesting that the human ability to understand something immediately, molds or influences behavior because it also shapes fears, attitudes, impressions, and relationships (Myers, 2010). It is also believed that social influences shape behavior as does behavior shape social influences. Myers (2010) provides an example as to how behavior is shaped by social influences making humans social creatures, “We speak and think in words we learned from others (Social psychology, p. 7).
Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper PSY/360 March 17, 2014 Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper Cognitive Psychology is the study of the mind, including perception, attention, memory, decision making, problem solving, reasoning, and language. The aim of cognitive psychology is determine how cognitive processes are used what how the processes are influenced (Feldman-Stewart, 2009). According to McLeod (2007), “cognition literally means ‘knowing’. In other words, psychologists from this approach study cognition which is ‘the mental act or process by which knowledge is acquired’” (Para. 3).