The aim of trait theory is to produce general principles of why people behave differently in different situations. Questionnaires, for example Eysenck’s Personality Inventory (EPI), are used to produce psychometric inventories, which are a measure of personality traits. This is a scientific approach, facilitating prediction of how a particular person will react in a specific situation. Other trait theorists (e.g. Kant) considered traits to be categorical.
Social Psychology and Multicultural Psychology Paper Define social psychology. With the mind being the axis in which social behavior pivots around, social psychologists will study what the relationship is between a person’s mind and their social behavior. Social psychology it will try to attempt to understand what the relationship is between the mind, social groups, and social behavior in three different ways. The first way would be that they try to understand how people’s thoughts, their feelings, and their behaviors, will be influenced by the actual presence, the imagined presence, or even the implied presence of other people. The second way would be to try to understand what the influence is on a person’s perception and on their behavior when it comes to the behavior of a social group.
1 COMPARE & AND CONTRAST HOW CONTENT ANALYSIS AND ETHNOGRAPHIC RESEARCH HAVE BEEN USED TO STUDY CHILDRENS UNDERSTANDING OF FRIENDSHIP. The research into the concept of children’s friendships is very recent. It has been studied by a number of psychologists. The aim of this essay is two compare and contrast two different research methods used by renowned psychologists whilst researching children’s understanding of friendship. This essay will mainly focus on the work of Bigelow & La Gaipa (1974) and William Corsaro, to look at the methods they used and, with the information they uncover ,we can see the similarities & the differences which arise from their research.
2. Identify professional disciplines that influence human services. Professional disciplines that influence Human Services are sociology, psychology, and anthropology (Woodside & McClam, 2012, p. 11). Sociology is the assessment of an individual and the broader culture and tries to account for while understanding the differences within human culture. It also helps the professionals understand what affects the living, such as family structure and roles.
William Corsaro (1985) as cited in Brownlow (2012) built on this study choosing ethnography as his method of research. In order to identify similarities and differences between these two research methods we will look to compare and contrast the methods. We will also look at the aims of the psychologists whilst comparing and contrasting the methods they used and why they chose to conduct their studies using either of the methods. Lastly, we will look at the results obtained by using either ethnography or content analysis and any criticism’s that can be made of the studies. Friendship and determining what can be considered a friendship has previously been defined in a rather literal way; you are either a friend or a non-friend William Hartup as cited in Brownlow (2012).
Cognitive: Mental processes and skills are analyzed with this perspective. Problem solving, creativity and memory are some of the key elements of Cognitive. Neuroscientific/Biopsychological: The study of the biological reactions the brain makes towards being psychoanalyzed in any perspective. What makes a brain happy or sad and correcting it. Sociocultural: Studying how people act, react and are influenced by social stigmas.
As a part of your examination, address the following items: • Discuss the concept of conformity and how it relates to your selected ethnic groups. • Explain the relationship between social perception and social cognition, and how these concepts apply to your selected ethnic groups. Discuss the social perceptions that will need to be addressed in order to resolve the conflict between your selected ethnic groups. PSY 450 Week 5 - Team Cross-Cultural Psychology Presentation Prepare a 10- to 12-Microsoft® PowerPoint® slide presentation examining at least two emerging issues in cross-cultural psychology. Discuss the application of cross-cultural psychology to other disciplines.
This assignment will describe and evaluate two theories in developmental psychology. Developmental psychology is the scientific study of changes that occur in human beings over the course of their life span. Firstly looking at Piaget’s Theory, and then followed by Kohlberg, there will be an evaluation of the similarities and differences between the two. It will provide evidence of how Piaget’s and Kohlberg’s theories both suffer from the same criticisms as they both use dilemmas with a particular criteria of a child and culture. The theory only considers a child’s beliefs not its actual behaviour.
Relational Cultural Theory Name University Abstract Relational cultural theory (RCT) is a branch of psychology that refers to people interacting with others through the lens of relationships. When it is understood that relationships are the framework for thinking about how to guide interactions and self-awareness, the therapist and client can see how self-destructive isolation is and can work toward remedying that issue. The following paper examines the fundamental assumptions of RCT and how it differs from the traditional approach of psychological work toward men and women, otherwise espoused in ideas on the old psychology of men and women according to gender roles and human development. Principles and Fundamental Assumptions RCT was developed and advanced during the 1970’s by Jean Baker Miller, M.D., as an alternative approach to traditional psychology in dealing with men and women; RCT mostly refers to a feminist perspective, where relationships are emphasized as a lens to psychotherapy. Relationships are the core of RCT, as a guiding framework in understanding and healing in psychotherapy.
The psychological approach believes human behaviour as determined by reinforcement and punishment contingencies in the environment. As well as the different approaches Key debates help in describing the similarities and differences in the way humans, or animals, are studied and evaluated in psychology. (Pennington & McLoughlin, 2012) The main