Sigmund Freud was the ﬁrst to challenge the view that mental disorders were caused by physical illness and proposed that psychological factors were responsible for the illness. The psychodynamic approach highlights the importance of the unconscious mind and early childhood experiences. Psychodynamic psychologist’s attempt to deal with the mental health issues of their patients by incorporating these ideas and creating therapies using these ideas. The basic concept behind psychoanalysis is that a patient that suffers from mental health problems such as depression can address any regressed feelings thus, the patient gains insight of and can learn to work through their emotional baggage. It is a generalised concept that if the cause of the symptoms were tackled it would only be logical that the symptoms would then cease.
Psychotherapy may be done in different ways, such as: • Dialectical behavior therapy, which is specifically designed to treat people with borderline personality disorder. This can be done through individual counseling or phone and group counseling. It can be combined with physical exercise and meditation, which help regulate emotions, tolerate stress and improve personal relationships. • Cognitive behavioral therapy helps you to become aware of negative thoughts, to view situations more objectively and to find alternative solutions. • Mentalization-based therapy is talk therapy that can help you identify your own feelings and thoughts and to separate them from those of other people around you.
Since the anxiety is also typically accompanied by medical issues like nausea, body aches, and fatigue it can be difficult to narrow down the cause of the symptoms. Luckily, there are several treatment options for those who have been diagnosed with GAD. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that is commonly used to treat anxiety. CBT is beneficial because it helps the patient recognize when they are misreading events, and forming negative assumptions based on little or no evidence (2011). In addition CBT focuses on the behavioral side of anxiety by offering problem solving skills, setting goals, and establishing priorities.
Discuss two psychological therapies of depression. (24 Marks) One psychological therapy of depression in Psychodynamic Interpersonal Therapy. This therapy was developed by Hobson, and focuses mainly on the relationship between the therapist and patient. When a comfortable relationship is established, past events that could be the cause of depression are relived and resolved to try and relieve the pressures that they may be putting on the individual. Hobson believes that because problems in our life are usually through interpersonal relationships, we should resolve these problems through a therapeutic relationship.
Beck’s cognitive therapy aims to change people’s |Building on the basic processes of learning, behavioral |Psychodynamic therapy seeks to bring unresolved past | |Approach |illogical thoughts about themselves and the world. |treatment approaches make this fundamental assumption: |conflicts and unacceptable impulses from the unconscious | | |However, cognitive therapy is considerably less |Both abnormal behavior and normal behavior are learned. |into the conscious, where patients may deal with the | | |confrontational and challenging than rational-emotive |People who act abnormally either have failed to learn the |problems more effectively. Psychodynamic approaches are | | |behavior therapy. Instead of the therapist’s actively |skills they need to cope with the problems of everyday |based on Freud’s psychoanalytic approach to personality, | | |arguing with clients about their dysfunctional cognitions,|living or have acquired faulty skills and patterns that |which holds that individuals employ defense mechanisms, | | |cognitive therapists more often play the role of teacher.
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that assumes negative behaviors and emotions that are caused by faulty thoughts and thinking patterns (Ford-Martin, 1999). CBT helps clients develop new ways of thinking and behaving. (Galanter ,Keller, & Weinberg, 1997). CBT is used quite often to treat substance abuse issues. The approach focuses on maladaptive behaviors (addictive behaviors) by changing what it perceives to be the root cause of them (faulty thinking).
It helped to understand his faulty behaviors and decision making and to hopefully take a step toward the right path of correcting such irrational thought processes. It gives the treatment team the ability to begin to uncover the reasons that are behind the outwardly manifested behaviors. There are previous studies who have analyzed sexual offender behavior using a CBT approach. Using the CBT approach for future treatment with Bradley will enable the treatment team to specifically look into how Bradley feels his risk factors are affecting him. This treatment plan focuses on taking negative thinking patterns and inserting positive thinking patterns in their place.
Stress and anger management is recommended because irritability, aggression, violence and anger are all very common symptoms of antisocial personality disorder. Skills will be built to cope with volatile emotions so that an individual will learn to control their behavior before it becomes harmful to themselves or others. Medications may be recommended to deal with some of the other symptoms which are associated with antisocial personality disorder. Antidepressants may be recommended if an individual has a depressed mood, anger, impulsivity, irritability or hopelessness. Mood stabilizing medications can be used to help even out mood swings and reduce irritability and aggression.
Associate Level Material Appendix C Psychotherapy Matrix Directions: Review Module 36 of Psychology and Your Life. Select three approaches to summarize. Include examples of the types of psychological disorders appropriate for each therapy. |Psychodynamic Approach |Behavioral Approach |Cognitive Approach | |Summary of |This form of therapy tries to bring unresolved past |This approach assumes that both normal and abnormal |This approach tries to teach people to think in more | |Approach |conflicts from the unconscious to the conscious, where the|behaviors are learned. This form of therapy builds on a |adaptive ways by changing their dysfunctional cognitions | | |patient can deal with the problems.
Beck's approach became known for its effective treatment of depression. CBT works by focusing how you think about yourself, the world and other people - how what you do affects your thoughts and feelings. CBT can help you to change how you think (cognitive) and your actions (behaviour), it works in the here and now problems, and not the causes of your distress. CBT has been proven to work well with anxiety, depression, panic, phobias and post traumatic stress. CBT may use group sessions of therapy as can PCT, CBT helps you look at the problem as a whole but break it down into smaller more manageable parts.