Ellesse Britton Unit 13 Dementia awareness 1.1 explain what is meant by the term dementia Dementia is the progressive decline in cognitive function which is a condition which is caused by an injury to the brain or by disease and affects our mental process. Dementia includes many different conditions with many different causes, such as changes to personality and developing memory disorders.. 1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia - Frontal Lobe – this is the part of the brain that has the role of controlling our movement, behaviour, personality and the understanding of what is around us -Parietal Lobe –this part of the brain had the role of controlling our language and our awareness and recognition of places objects and people. - Temporal Lobe – this part of the brain is responsible for vision, memory, language, hearing and learning. - Cerebrum lobe- this is the main part of our brain and is responsible for memory, attention, consciousness, senses and movement. -Occipital Lobe – this part of the brain is responsible for processing information on everything to do with vision.
Phineas Gage Paper December 3, 2011 Psy 380 The brain is an astonishing assembly intended to multi-task on a persistent basis. Along with regulating the body's many procedures, it also synchronizes the cognitive functions that differentiate humans from other species. Human processes, emotions and routine thought and movement are all coordinated by one or more regions of the cognitive brain. Within the following paper the writer will explain the role of the brain in cognitive functions. The writer will also describe what Phineas Gage’s accident revealed about how brain areas support cognitive function.
Brain plasticity (neural plasticity) is a term that describes how the brain is affected by its outside environment and its ability to change based on experience. Changes in the brain can be positive, such as when you learn something new, or negative, such as when damage occurs to the brain through an injury. Brain plasticity can vary and be affected by age, but scientific studies have shown that neural plasticity actually takes place over an entire life span and not just in infancy like previously believed. The brain is always creating new neural pathways and altering old ones so that that it can function the most efficiently. The brain is also able to move things structurally for accommodation as a result of learning, resulting in a larger weight of the brain, and it can also move functions from a damaged portion of the brain to an undamaged portion of the brain to compensate for the injury, which may also result in a smaller weight of the brain.
2. Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. The key functions that are affected by dementia are: Temporal lobe- responsible for vision, memory, language, hearing and learning. Frontal lobe - responsible for decision making, problem solving, control behaviour and emotions. Parietal lobe - responsible for sensory information from the body, also where letters are formed, putting things in order and spatial awareness.
According to current research the part of the brain that responds when individuals are given two conflicting signals is known as the anterior cingulate. Its function thought processes and emotional responses. It’s located between the frontal portion sides left and right. By using the stroop effect psychologists have been able to test the effects found in the cognitive due to attention fatigue. The other purpose of the stroop effect is that it shows the dominations of some parts of the brain and how functional areas are dominated.
Speed may face having the disease and the impact Alzheimer’s has on society and its resources. Alzheimer’s is a disease that effects the central nervous system. According the livestrong.com, the loss of functioning brain tissue that occurs with Alzheimer disease initially causes problems with memory and learning. Personality, intellectual function and mood are greatly affected as the disease progresses. As Mr.
Frontal lobe – The frontal lobes are involved in motor functions, higher order functions, planning, reasoning, judgment, impulse control, and memory. With this damage John may have temporary or permanent difficulty with concentration and focusing. b. Occipital Lobe c.
Running header: Flashbulb Memories The Psychology of Flashbulb Memories Anthony E. McCaffity Walden University Cognitive Psychology (PSYC-8237-2) Instructor: Dr. Michael Durnam November 20, 2011 Abstract Thinking incorporates a vast set of cognitive processes employed to facilitate learning and the subsequent development of behavior. Cognitive psychology focuses on the mental processes utilized for human beings to engage and function in their environment. Memory is one of the cognitive processes influencing thought and mental acuity. A process of that includes encoding specific information to respond to a stimulus. Memory is also the process of simultaneously using newly acquired information to accomplish differing cognitive
Dementia can affect the following key functions of the brain: - Temporal lobe - Parietal lobe - Frontal lobe - Occipital lobe - Hippocampus - Cerebrum lobe These all affect the function of: -Memory -Emotion -Cognitive skills -Perception -Behaviour -Communication -Senses and movement 1.3 Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia. Delirium, age related memory and depression often affect the memory and cognitive impairment, which can be mistaken for dementia. If someone is clinically depressed, their symptoms may be very similar to someone who has got dementia. Delirium, like dementia, is more common in older adults. Depression, delirium and age related memory impairment are all symptoms of dementia.
We reconstruct the past by trying to make it fit into our existing understanding of the world, by making it more logical, coherent and generally sensible. Bartlett called it schemata, these are mental shortcuts; little pockets of knowledge used to judge new knowledge. Bartlett argued that schemata have a powerful affect on memories as they fill in the gaps, that are incomplete in our memories. An experiment by Carmicheal supported this. In the experiment two different groups were shown the same images but with a different word next to