The Great Schism

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The Great Schism The Great Schism was the split of the Catholic Church and was an important event in the history of the Church. The leaders in this split were King Philip IV of France and Pope Boniface VIII. The friendliness between the Pope and kings was slowly changing as the kings were taking control over land and resources as they wished. Pope Boniface and King Philip were, in a way, competing for power. King Philip stated that he had control over the churches in his area, and in response to that action, Pope Boniface issued the papal bull Unam Sanctam in 1302. The Unam Sanctam reasserted that there is one, holy, catholic, and apostolic church, as written in the Nicene Creed. King Philip tried to force power over the Church, so Boniface said that the temporal power of the king was under the spiritual power of the Church. Later, Pope Boniface excommunicated King Philip in 1303 for abusing his teaching. The schism ended with the election of Martin V at the Council of Constance, after rivals to the Pope all claimed to be the successor of St. Peter. Following the election, the split quickly started to take effect on the Church. The Great Schism had a huge effect on the Catholic Church and changed it in many ways. People wanted to improve the Catholic Church because it was splintered after splitting into two different churches, the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church. Changes in religious, economic, cultural, and political conditions started a need for reform in the Church, which led to the Protestant Reformation with Martin Luther, the Catholic Reformation with the Council of Trent and St. Charles Borromeo, (which “fixed” most of the problems started by the Protestant Reformation,) and lastly, the Vatican Council I with Pope Pius IX. All of these people and groups can be considered leaders of the Catholic Church after the split. All of these
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