Luther’s arguments referred to a direct relationship with God and using the local vernacular to speak to the people. Luther’s arguments removed the absolute power from the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church in general. The revenue from the taxes paid to the Church would be reduced with Luther’s ideas, in part because of the removal of buying souls out of purgatory. And thanks to the printing press, Luther’s 95 Theses was reprinted throughout Germany, which soon attracted many followers, as well as many enemies. In 1520, the Pope excommunicated with Martin Luther.
Tyler Gilbert 10/20/14 Dr. Nardi AP Euro What were the responses of the Catholic authorities in the sixteenth century to the challenges posed by the Lutheran Reformation? Protestantism was a religion introduced to Europe 1517 by a man named Martin Luther when he published his book The Ninety-Five Theses, and nailed them to every door. As time went on, a schism occurred in which the Roman Catholic Church was split between both the Catholics and the Protestants. The Reformation occurred due to Luther’s disbeliefs of the Church’s current beliefs, one being the selling of indulgences, and other corrupt ideas such as nepotism and simony. With Protestantism growing ever since introduced, and many challenges against the church, the Catholic authorities responded in different ways in order to keep Protestantism from growing and correcting it of its mistakes at the Council of Trent (1545-1563).
This internal dissent from tradition certainly affected Pugin’s view of what the true Christian style of architecture was. Pugin blamed the Reformation for the architectural decline in Britain and he championed the medieval, Gothic style that he felt was, “distinctly English”, (Richardson, 2008, page 113). All of these points demonstrate dissent however, was Pugin in fact a, “radical traditionalist”, (Mckellar, 2008, p131). In order to explore the ideas of Tradition and Dissent that was applied to the rebuilding of the Palace of Westminster. I will be discussing Pugin’s abstractions, beliefs and ideologies and how they diverged from the Classical-Protestant views of the day, also, illustrating the features that could be interpreted as traditional or dissenting.
Many people went to the bishops as their masters, and took orders from the pope, and not the king. In time, Germany peasants are inspired by the reformation, and seek to end serfdom. Several princes side up with Luther, who became identified as Protestants. In 1555, the Peace of Augsburg was established that stated each prince can decide religion of his state. Later on England parliament passes the Act of Supremacy ending the pope’s power.
How does Stoker use the symbols of religion and superstition in Dracula? The Victorian era witnessed one of the greatest shifts in religious attitudes since the Puritan movement. At the beginning of the era the Church was incredibly powerful, but as the era progressed, people moved away from religion started to question their faith. Charles Darwin published The Origin of Species, in 1859, and along with the advances in technology, such as the first underground railway being built, in 1863, brought about the “crisis of faith”. The two biggest and most conflicting religions in this period were two sects of Christianity, Protestantism and Catholicism.
TO WHAT EXTENT WOULD YOU ARGUE THAT THE REFORMATION WAS ADIRECT OUTCOME OF THE RENAISSANCE? GROUP 9 Renaissance is a very strong movement that awakened Europe to a new interest in literature, art, science and the change from medieval to modern aims and methods of thought. At the dawn of renaissance the people’s attitudes, thinking and actions were no longer influenced by the church. This led to the uncontrollable behaviour which prompted some church leaders and humanists to advocate for the reforms. This write up is an assessment of whether the reformation was a direct outcome of renaissance in Europe.
He was the creator of the 95 Theses in 1517. Martin Luther allegedly posted his 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, on October 31, 1517. His goal was to stir debate among theologians primarily around the issue of indulgences-payments to the Roman Catholic Church in return for official pardons for one’s sins and grants of salvation in the afterlife. Because of the printing press, the 95 Theses were known throughout Germany in a fortnight and throughout Europe in a month. (Document D).
Task: “Luther was both a revolutionary and a conservative.” Evaluate this statement with the respect to Luther’s responses to the political and social questions of his day. During the 16th century, the Catholic Church was seen as corrupt because of certain practices such as indulgences. This corruption, lead many people to stand up against the Church, and this began The Protestant Reformation. One of the most influential people of this time was Martin Luther. Martin Luther’s responses to political and social questions during this time were often either revolutionary or conservative.
He believed that the Catholic church was corrupt for selling indulgences as penance for sins in that the sale was a way for the Church to exploit the unfortunate and poor (Reformation 5). The final push for the need to change was the English reformation. During King Henry VIII’s rule in the sixteenth century, the Church of England was formed. He established the church because the Pope of the Catholic Church would not grant him a divorce from his wife, Catherine of Aragon. The Anglican church had many similarities to the Catholic church: similar rituals and a bible titled the Book of Common Prayere (Reformation 9).
The changes were Europe’s craving hunger for knowledge and the Church’s decline in power. The end of the Middle ages was mostly in part due to deplorable wars such as the Crusades, the Peasant Revolt, and due to significant ambition for knowledge among the individuals of Europe and the decline in the Church’s power. Long, bloody, and brutal expeditions also known as the Crusades, greatly impacted the end of the Middle Ages due to the chaotic disorder and bedlam it caused as well as the newfound finance and trade markets it brought. War is never a good thing for a country, and a prolong war such as the Crusades did bring disorder to Europe. Many lives were lost and those who came back were spiritually and mentally affected and placed in asylums.