He saved a smaller army; some say about 3000 men, as an elite bodyguard. In 1019, Canute’s older brother and ruler of Denmark, Harald died with no heirs to throne. Canute was the obvious choice of new ruler. A large problem Canute faced during his rule was the conflict between his Christian and pagan followers. Canute was a devout Christian king, ordering his nobles to follow the advice of the bishops.
This change was greatly helped by the emergence of the Protestant Church, the Catholic’s Society of Jesus and rulers trying to create religious uniformity. Body #1 The emergence of the Protestant Church during the 16th century made a lot of people shift their focus from themselves back onto God. Protestants did not agree with the secularism and selling of indulgences that occurred during the Renaissance. The Protestants wanted to create a more faith driven society. The Protestant church taught them to work hard and completely devote themselves to their vocation.
THE FOURTH CRUSADE The Crusades in the middle ages helped define religious and political life during this era. Life in the middle ages revolved around what was happening with the Pope and his anticipations for the next Crusade. The focuses of the crusades were ideally to unite the churches to bring back Christian leadership and control in the Holy Land, that is, Jerusalem. One of the most impacting crusades is known as the fourth Crusade when Innocent III was pope. The fourth crusade became terribly diverted from its original plans and became one of the most tragic and barbaric of all the crusades.
The Reformation Parliament was successful in bring down Wolsey and increase pressure on the pope. Between 1534 and 1536 the Reformation Parliament set out to extinguish the authority of the Pope. Therefore meaning that Henry would gain money which would normally go to the Pope and alter his role in England, this gave Henry complete supremacy, but tension between England and the Bishop of Rome. In the background of this, Thomas Cromwell was taking anti-papalism very seriously, still under the watchful but supportive eye of Henry. Following on from this, in 1534, the Act of Supremacy was introduced.
It involved an entire reconstruction of the Church and of the social order. It meant revolution.” The Reformers desired to reform the existing church, the “Radicals” desired to create a new church based on their theological convictions.  Some contend (incorrectly in this writer’s opinion) that the Anabaptists began with Thomas Müntzer (1490-1525). Müntzer was the spiritual revolutionary of the Peasant’s War that occurred in 1525, a leader in the social revolution of his time. He was a student of medieval realism, well studied in church history and the German mystics, and read many Reformation tracts and books.
Protestant reformation was a spiritual/ religion revelation that aimed to correct the problem of the Catholic Church/ pope. But people achieved alot from renaissance; it awakened the world from very long dark sleep. Renaissance was a time for learning and creativity. It was time from turning god to man. Middle ages had destroyed people dreams and forced them to live s meaningless pattern of life.
How protestant was England by 1540? Break with Rome, nature of the Church in England? * Henrician reformation was essentially an act of state motivated by political, personal and financial motives * The road towards the break with Rome & the Royal Supremacy had allowed evangelicals such as Crammer and Cromwell to rise to prominence, promoting Henry’s new policies. * Catholics still worshipped at a high level * Henry remained a catholic at heart * Comes to a confusing situation * Henry doesn’t show a clear understand of where he stands on religious fronts * Causes struggles in court Was there a move towards Protestantism in the years 1534-39 * The break with Rome and the royal supremacy had severed English connections with the papacy and removed Roman influence from English shores * English Church had been essentially created but papal authority was destroyed and payments were sent to the king * Encouraged more radical reformers abroad * Little alterations on popular worship The Factional struggle: evangelical’s v conservatives * Thomas crammer had risen from relative obscurity to the highest ecclesiastical position in England * On the temporal side Thomas Cromwell had shown his worth in masterminding the Royal Supremacy The Ten articles * see table The bishop’s book * see table Cromwell and the English Bible * both the ten articles and the bishops book can be regarded as partial successes for the evangelical faction at court, Cromwell in particular * neither offered a definitive statement of protestant belief * Cromwell used his friendship and trust with Henry to further the evangelical position * He maintained episcopal appointments to ensure that reformers were preferred * He organised preaching campaigns against Catholic practises such as the worshipping of
The Protestant Reformation was a dynamic force in Europe during the 16th century. As it altered the way many people viewed both religion and the Catholic Church in particular, politics, religious beliefs, and practices began to change shape, creating two opposing lifestyles in the effected countries. Because the Catholic Church controlled much of the political scene in Western Europe, Martin Luther’s attacks were heavily aimed at the government. Individual princes were allowed to determine the religion of their territory; therefore, some considered Luther’s reforms a threat while others readily embraced them. In Document 1, Elton gives a relatively unbiased view as a historian by surmising that Protestantism only flourished where the authorities favored it and was stifled where ever they opposed it.
Artists from both periods impacted their craft but it was the artists of the Renaissance who widened their scope for expressing art and truly created change for future generations. A1 After the fall of the mighty Roman Empire in 400A.D, a new period called the Medieval era or the “Dark Ages” lasted for approximately one thousand years. Many people in this time were scared for their safety, illiterate, and were in a constant state of searching for truth (MindEdge, Inc., 2014). That truth was in the form of religion they believed; Christianity, especially Catholicism, was sweeping Europe during this time. Religion had always had some influence in art but with the increasing popularity of the Christian faith, especially Catholicism, its influence had never been greater (Lane, 1998).
The eleventh- and twelfth-century papacy's attack on the clerical abuses of simony, clerical marriage, and lay investiture is sometimes called the Gregorian Reform (after Pope Gregory VII, 1073-1085), even though this reform movement had begun earlier with Pope Leo IX (1049-1054). "Simony" (named after Simon Magus from the Acts of the Apostles) was the practice of purchasing spiritual offices/church positions. Clerical marriage was the practice of priests marrying. By 1050 both were regarded by monastic reformers as serious abuses among the secular clergy (i.e. the priesthood).