Southern Colonies Essay

475 Words2 Pages
What features were common to all of England's southern colonies and what features were peculiar to each one? Competition for the New World gave many reasons for English colonization. The Southern Colonies of British North America were North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Maryland, and Virginia, where the first permanent settlement among them was at Jamestown on May 24, 1607. These southern colonies contained many distinctive features but they were mostly similar. Many similarities arose with in the colonies mostly the hope of gold, resources, and virgin lands drew English colonists to the Southern Colonies. Their economy was driven by plantations, initially worked by indentured servants, a labor force which was largely replaced in the early 18th century by slaves imported from Africa, except for Georgia, where most plantations were worked by debtors. Colonial South Carolina relied mainly on the Indian slave trade and deerskin. Rice plantations, and later other cash crops like cotton, worked by African slaves overtook the Indian trade as the colony's economic foundation. The ports of Charleston, South Carolina and Savannah, Georgia traded with Great Britain slave ships from Africa and the Caribbean. Their cash crops were tobacco, cotton, indigo, rice, and sugar cane. Colony and Dominion of Virginia and Province of Maryland are sometimes considered part of the Southern Colonies. Each colony also obtained several peculiar features that deracinated them from one another. Maryland, also considered as the “Catholic Haven”, sheltered for more Catholics than any other English colony. Maryland was founded to make money and create a safe place for the catholic minority. In North Carolina, the unfortunate residents received the reputation of being nonreligious and friendly to pirates. This happened because poverty-stricken outcasts and religious dissenters drifted down
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