The Similarities and Differences of Colonies in Chesapeake and New England

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During the late 16th century and into the 17th century, European nations rapidly colonized the newly discovered Americas. Two of the regions included the Chesapeake and the New England areas which both had very separate and unique identities. Both of these settlements were populated by the English and brought flocks of people from England seeking a better life while retaining the English culture. In addition, both colonies faced conflict with the Native Americans in the area while establishing their settlements. New England was involved in the Pequot War while the settlers of Chesapeake had conflicts with the Powhatan Confederacy. One of the main differences was the people that lived in the colonies. The Chesapeake and New England attracted different types of settlers and, by 1700, the populations differed enormously. In New England, the settlers were white and most of the population included Puritans, Quakers, and Catholics. This was due to the reputation the New England colonies had as a place of religious freedom. In the Chesapeake, however, the population had a majority of black slaves. With the boom in the tobacco industry, plantation owners relied on the cheap labor slaves or indentured servants provided. Another difference was the reason for the founding of the colonies. Jamestown settlers were looking for gold and found Chesapeake colonies for economic purposes. Additionally, the vast amount of land available started the cultivation of tobacco and yielded a lot of profit. On the other hand, New England was founded for religious reasons not for economic gain. Many people escaped to New England to escape religious persecution. The two colonies also had economic differences. The Chesapeake economy revolved around the tobacco industry, which eventually paved the way for other industries as well. Slave trade relied fully on the tobacco plantation owners
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