Your discussion should include the Middle Passage. 15) At its height, what was the volume of slaves traded across the Atlantic Circuit? 16) What role did African kings play in the slave trade along the African “Slave Coast”? What did they have to gain by partnering with European traders? 17) Where was the Songhai Empire and why was it considered
Sub-Saharan Africa had much longer exposure to Islamic culture influences than to European cultural influences. Scholars and merchants learned to use the Arabic language to communicate with visiting North Africans and to read the Quran. Islamic beliefs and practices as well as Islamic legal and administrative systems were prominent in African trading cities on the southern edge of the Saharan and on the Swahili coast. During the three and a half centuries of contact between Europe and Africa before 1800, Africans yielded minimal territory to Europeans. Local African kings scrutinized the European trading posts that they permitted along the Gold and Slave Coasts and collected profitable rents and fees from these traders and merchants.
2% Mozambique0Madagascar J. As time went on the percentage of women slaves decreased while men’s percentage remained constant and the demand for children rode. K. The Bight of Biafra and Bight of Benin supplied the highest ratios of women to men while the Gold Coast, West Central Africa and Upper Guinea coast supplied the lowest. The Life Left Behind: Sketches of West African Cultures: A. Economic upheavals and the desire for trade goods cast a wide wed of capture and sale for African men, women, and children B.
In chapter 17, Prelude to the European conquest of Africa, British abolitionists create a colony called Freetown were freed African slaves settled. It was a safe haven for freed slaves. This was sort of a shift from what Europeans originally used Africa for, which was the trading of slaves and gold. Everything Europeans needed was accessible on the Western coast of Africa, resulting in the interior to rarely be ventured. One man who argued that slavery was inefficient was Scottish philosopher Adam Smith.
What are 3 benefits of becoming an American vs. being a European? 9. What object fueled America’s economy in the mid/late 1700s much like oil fuels our economy today? 10. Between 1700-1800 how many African slaves were brought to America, “purchased” in Africa mainly by trading rum?
This meant that slavery was permitted in areas that the climate permitted slave based farming. Slaves were linked directly to tobacco even though in 1787 was on the decline. An English textile industry had a need for cotton. Eli Whitney in 1793, invented the cotton gin which meant a larger need for slavery and ended up in slaves to advance. By 1819 new states were all being added as slave states.
Europe quickly became the dominant region over the economic aspects of the Columbian Exchange, however their social influence in the Americas and Africa developed slower during the time period of 1492 to 1750. In the mid-fifteenth century, European interest in Africa expanded from goods to incorporate slaves. Europeans began to take over African civilizations and keep natives as their slaves. This was not a new practice to keep war captives as slaves. However the Europeans began to export these African slaves across the globe to established colonies in both North and South America for the first time.
Ch.4 Sec 1: Slavery and Empire -Mercantilism realized: the triangular trade. -West Africa had become a thriving slave industry since the Portuguese had arrived while going to the West coast. Most slaves went to other destinations, like South America( Brazil), Caribbean and then some to the Americas. Very little of them went straight to North America. *The Ordeal of the Slave* -A state of perpetual terror: 1) ﬁrst caught from her/ his tribe by the Europeans or another tribe.
Many linguists trace the development of Black English back to the time of slavery and the slave trade. Thus, the history of Black English must date back to about 1619 when a Dutch vessel landed in Jamestown with a cargo of twenty Africans. (Smitherman, 5) During the slave trade, ships collected slavesfrom several different nations rather than just trading with one nation. The rationale that justified this action was simple; Africans from different nations spoke different languages and could not communicate with each other, and thus were incapable of uniting to overthrow the ship’s crew. In 1744 slave ship Captain William Smith wrote: "...the safest way to trade is to trade with the different Nations, on either Side the River, and having some of every sort on board, there will be no more Likelihood of their succeeding in a Plot, than of finishing the Tower of Babel," (Stoller, 19).
Around the late 1800’s many African slaves came to the new world, Africans became slaves either because of debts or of a religious conflicts. However, slaves were granted certain rights such as education, parenthood, and slaves could eventually work their way out of slavery. In 1492 slavery was legalized in Europe, which lead the people to trade slaves for goods or gold in Africa. Unfortunately later on a technique came upon, it was use to transport slaves to different places which was known as the Middle Passage. The middle passage lead to the death of many slaves, since slaves were being place in ships at the very bottom.