From the beginning of time, mankind has developed many distinct methods of construction. These architectural methods have advanced from round huts to pyramids to skyscrapers. Over the years, designers from many different cultures have improved ways of constructing buildings in order to create those of the highest quality. One culture, in specific, that is well-known for its excellence in architectural design is that of Ancient Rome. They are most famous for their architecture, based on the new ideas and materials that they established.
The Mesopotamians were the first to use chariots in war, in 2400 BC. The chariot diffused fast to other human societies all over the world, mainly because it had become an efficient military weapon (Publins, 2013). The Hittites, for instance, relied on it to establish their first Kingdom in 1700 BC. By 1300 BC, the chariot had already penetrated into China from the Northwest. Since the kingdoms and societies using this vehicle in war were found to be superior based on the size of their chariots, it became a master weapon and spread all over the world within a short time.
It also had a stable government, which allowed for the people to begin industrializing in the first place, harbors for trade, a very large population resulting in a very large workforce, and many water ways throughout the country to transport materials and products as well as to use for water power at mills. There are several reasons why the Industrial revolution started in the first place. One reason being that there was widespread resistance to disease in Europe as well as a reliable food supply, allowing for steady population growth, which in return created more demand for products, which in turn resulted in new ways of producing products more efficiently in response to demand. As a result of Industrialization, a new economic philosophy arose. Capitalism called for the lack of government intervention in the economy.
What was so significant about these aqueducts is that they stretched for miles, starting at the nearest water source. From there the aqueduct waterway bridges would be built across mountain ranges and other challenging obstacles. What made these aqueducts so practical is their design and efficiency with conservancy of materials and space. By acquiring an arch (a design also invented by the Romans) they were able to maintain a sturdy structure while saving materials, which essentially saved money and time. What also made the aqueducts so remarkable is that the Romans were able to calculate the angle of slope that was required in order to maintain water flow while still achieving the finish point.
The Romans established a new type of government a republic. As Rome government changed , the roman population continued to grow. Rome successful expansion would not have been possible without its powerful army. All Roman men betwenn the ages of 17
However, the purpose of the Roman Empire was significantly different than that of the Greeks and Egyptians, due to the swift increase in population and also to display their power to the world. Overpopulation forced the Romans to develop more efficient architecture and infrastructure to it’s city, such as multi-story apartments, city streets, and bath houses. Conversely, the Romans spared no expense with its massive structures when used for government purposes. This is where the Romans flexed their power; with true pride and grandeur of colossal structures such as the Coliseum, the Parthenon, and the
Since this was before the Iron Age we can conclude that the element was thought to be on a limited supply, as opposed to the huge abundance found inside of the Earth itself. We can also conclude that many of the advancements in producing the iron and improving it through the addition of carbon were merely accidents. As time progressed, the incorporation of carbon into iron (producing steel) was becoming widely used throughout. This was extremely important and marks a huge milestone in the advancement of the human race. The production of steel led to many technological advancements including in the construction of cities.
ROMAN TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING Kasey Simas HIS 103 World Civilizations I Instructor Max Fassnacht January 28, 2013 ROMAN TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING Roman empires flourished, which can largely be attributed to the emperors that created government, laws, cities, military, and many buildings and structures. This would not be possible without the use of technology. In order to talk about roman technology and engineering we must first understand what technology is. Technology is “the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, society, and the environment, drawing upon such subjects as industrial arts, engineering, applied science, and pure science (technology, n.d.).” The Pantheon is a great example of Roman architecture. Most historians believe Emperor Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa built the first Pantheon in 27BC, though no one knows its exact age.
Birth of Automobile Culture In the twenty first century cars became a key ingredient to life. Cars have impacted transportation and the work force tremendously. To think how far they have come in the last one hundred years is staggering. Henry Ford is a crucial step in the automobile culture for how we live our lives today. I chose the topic the birth of the automobile culture because researching something that is so important to society, intrigued me.
This meant faster transport and with the invention of the factories economic growth as well. As the economy grew then we capitalised, and as we invested in different things insurance was invented and so financial institutions were formed. Being a small island we had excellent communications so we can get an army together quickly and efficiently so this proved helpful in succeeding in military campaigns, as we were a powerful land force as well as a powerful naval force, such as the battle of