Its origins are said to be founded by “the twins, Romulus and Remus, after growing up from the wolf mother in” ( Dr. Kaz, notes, 3/21/2012) However, Romulus kills his brother Remus and finds Rome on 7 hills overlooking the Tiber River. The first Roman villages evolved from different goups around them from Latin villages to the Etruscans, and then the Tarquinii dynasty. However, it is the Etruscans who constructed the first roads and drained the area that would become early Rome. Rome ended the rule of the Etruscans rule to myth by “the rape of Lucretia; however, it is most likely it ended by a revolt from Roman nobles who had lost power by the Etruscans.” ( Dr. Kaz, notes, 3/21/2012) This was the first of many territories that the Roman Empire would conquer. The Roman Empire had two groups of people: the patricians and the plebeians.
Ancient Rome was a small town that had grew into a empire that is over continental Europe. Rome was the longest lasting civilization and they had a strong governments. Ancient Rome was the time Claudius, The roman Emperor decided that he was to make Nero to be the next emperor in line over his son this was negative because Nero wasn’t a good emperor. The roman Emperor Claudius was born on August 1 10 B.C and he was the son of Livia Drusilla. Claudius was the roman emperor from 41 to 54 B.C.
In ad 40 Vespian was made praetor. In AD forty-three to forty-seven during a Britain invasion Vespian he led a great legion. Then the magic happens. In AD fifty-nine he was elected to be a high counsel. During that reign he had increased the number of legions in the army and
Gaius Marius was significant with his life and career helping the evolution of Rome from a Republic to an Empire. Through him challenging the Senate, his role as a successful general, revealing Senatorial incompetence and his proposal of military reforms, Marius was well known for his improvements to the structure and organisation of the Roman legion. Marius was elected consul in 107BC during the war with the African ruler Jugurtha, King of Numidia. According to Southern “Marius was the first man in his family to reach the consulship so he was a Novus homo”. He was elected consul for a second time in absentia for 104BC as well.
Hadrian, Roman Emperor Hadrian was one of the greatest Roman emperors in ancient history because of his success at young age, as well as in his adulthood, his contribution to the arts and his architectural influences in ancient Rome. He gave Rome the breakthrough it needed to succeed as an empire. At the age of ten, young Hadrian lost his father, after the loss he was placed under guardianship by Emperor Trajan, a family relative. Trajan’s initial thought of Hadrian was to create a military career for him. His high skill set of defense and honor toward Trajan allowed him to be recognized.
| 61 BC | Caesar was sent to govern a Province in Spain as Propraetor. | 60 BC | Caesar returned from Spain to join Pompey and Crassus in a loose coalition known to us as ‘The First Triumvirate.’ | 59 BC | Caesar was elected Consul against heavy Optimate opposition by Marcus Porcius Cato. Caesar married his only daughter, Julia, to Pompey to seal their alliance. Caesar also married too, this time Calpurnia, the daughter of a leading member of the Popular faction. Caesar pushed Pompey's measures through, helped Crassus' proposals, and got for himself a five-year term as Proconsul of Gaul after his consulship was over.
The massive expansions made it so that Darius I’s empire was the largest the world has ever seen. The Romans expanded their empire much during the Punic Wars. In the First Punic War, Rome annexes Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica. Rome conquers Spain, Macedonia, and Greek in the Second Punic War, and Egypt becomes a protectorate of Rome after the war. Paranoid of the constant rivalry with Carthage, Rome sieges it during the Third Punic War.
And provide and massive industrial boom as American factories would pump out massive amounts of war supplies including machine guns, Army uniforms, and artillery pieces to name a few. But what might be the most important would be the massive expansion of the U.S. military that accompanied the war. The war would already increase the American military and would double its standing army and navy and develop its Air Force. And the U.S. military saw a massive spike in drafts as young patriotic Americans would flock to the Army in response to the war. Because of World War I America would have the second largest navy in the world and largest standing army at the war’s conclusion and that massive military would now back up in the U.S.’s claim that it truly was a world power and it helped the U.S. become a major player on the world stage as well as the signing of the armistice that would follow.
A standard way that the Emperors used their power was for military purposes. Because Rome was a large and thriving empire; a strong army was needed for equally attacking and defending against opposition. Emperors could effortlessly find new recruits for enlistment to the Roman legions. This would provide the advantage of larger numbers of soldiers in a battle. This benefit allowed tactics such as the ‘wedge’ to be executed as more soldiers could reinforce the wedge from behind, which would consequently break the enemies’ formation (Roman Empire.net 2012).
This essay will discuss the main features of the Roman aristocratic ethos in the second century BC and indicate the strengths and weaknesses of this system within Roman society. Greek historian Titus Livius made reference to two well known myths of Ancient Rome and their significance to Roman societal values. Both of these myths are at the very heart of the founding of Rome and the Roman Republic itself. The first is the myth of the founding of Rome with the birth of twins Romulus and Remus by the Vestal Virgin Rhea Silvia as a result of rape by the God Mars. The second relates to the founding of the Roman Republic with the last king of Rome Tarquin the Proud and his family expelled from the city after his son Sextus had raped his cousin's