The Wampanoag tribe saw these pilgrims as pitiful, sickly men and women invading their homeland. Massasoit, the Wampanoag leader, at first wanted to kill these European immigrants. After observing these people, he decided that his tribe would benefit from a relationship with the settlers. In 1621, Massasoit and a few of his men traveled into the Pilgrim’s settlement. Edward Winslow volunteered to be a hostage to the Wampanoag tribe; he invited the men into Plymouth, the Pilgrim village.
The puritans The Pequot War The Mystic massacre In chapter two of our book, I was shocked that there was only a brief paragraph on the Pequot War (1634-1638). Many history buffs consider the Mystic massacre genocide as others do not. I believe it was genocide and there should have been more explanation about the escalating tensions between the Pequot and Puritans in the book. This was a giant event in American History as “The destruction of one of the region’s most powerful Indian groups not only opened the Connecticut River valley to rapid white settlement but also persuaded other Indians that the newcomers possessed a power that could not be resisted”(pg. 78).
He argued that social development studies showed changes in their social behaviors and their interactions once in their new environment. Thus, he concluded that the new society was uniquely America. He has a very valid argument, but I believe he could have maintained the strength of his argument while also including the fact that the American people coming from British roots, the Puritans, the Royalist elites, the North Midlanders of England and the North British and Irish were still unique as a sub-culture melded together by the choice for religious and economic freedom. The pursuit to own land and accumulate wealth, and not be under the rule of the crown was first and foremost in the early colonists minds. Fisher rests his entire point of view based on the roots of the four British folkways that separated the settlers in America.
Some Native communities became dependent of trade and began to live near European settlements, and their resettlement made them expose to the epidemics which killed many Aboriginal people who had no natural immunity. Moreover, alliances between Aboriginal people and Europeans often led to economic competition and sometimes caused wars. (e.g., Iroquois fought against Huron people to displace them in the trade with French). In addition, the custom of trading brandy for furs was a destructive aspect. Alcohol abuse contributed to violence in Aboriginal communities, to society disharmony and to the deterioration of an originally healthy Aboriginal population.
It seemed to me that Franklin had a lot of respect and admiration towards the Native American Indians by the amount he quoted them. The speech at the college about educating the Indians was never quoted. The same went for the minister, who wasn’t quoted about his speech on Christianity, but rather just stated the basic subject of his sermon. Franklin quoted what the Native American says, from the subject of education to their religious views and how his perception about the white people meeting to learn good things was merely about ripping off the trade of beaver fur for less currency. Franklin (1784) writes, “whatever they pretended of meeting to learn good things, the real purpose was to consult how to cheat Indians in the price of beaver” (p. 230).
Many of the natives that they came across welcomed them wholeheartedly, until they abused the hospitality that was given to them and gave nothing in return. One Aztec can be quoted in saying that “They thirsted mightily for gold; they stuffed themselves with it; they starved for it; they lusted for it like pigs.” (textbook) Hernando Cortes was one of the explorers guilty of abusing the hospitality that he was treated with. He ended up conquering the Aztecs and killing their king, Montezuma. After he was killed, the Aztec’s lost their will to even fight back. Another Spanish explorer that wronged the Indians was Pizzaro, who conquered the Incas.
These traders quickly found a way to exploit the Indians by causing them to incur debt so large that they would eventually have to surrender their land to the trader, although some traders were killed by Indians who became fed up with their crooked dealing, some of the traders made huge amounts of money from these transactions. This juncture creates a huge schism between class and race essentially because the Europeans were able to capture the lands of the natives at the same time as gaining large amounts of money, and with taking the land of these people as debt payment they essentially took their last bit of real economic power they had leaving them with only their skills as assets. Essentially from there on out the Indians did what they had to do in order to survive in this world for men this usually meant hunting and selling skins, as they were doing often before, and the Indian women would use their crafting skills in order to make a living often traveling to place to place as they did so. However, not all of the
They would give them items such as alcohol, guns, textiles, metal tools, and pots in return for the elite furs. As the demand for furs rose, they began to corrupt the nature of animals that the Indians followed. Unknowingly the French also killed many natives through illness; the goods that the French offered to the natives carried diseases and led to the death of many Indians because of their lack of immunity. The relationship between the Spanish colonists and the Indians was a callous one and only benefited the Spanish. In the 1500s, the Spanish arrived in the New World with the intent to convert natives to Catholicism, trade, and discover riches.
The Europeans looked down on the Native Americans and referred to them as “savages” because their society did not match their own. The many different Native American tribes had their disagreements; however they all could agree that the arrival of the Europeans lead to the destruction of their people and cultures. In this essay, I will discuss the arrival of the three major European powers (England, France, and Spain), their different ways in colonizing, and how the conquering of the Americas destroyed Native American societies. I will use evidence from the textbooks, Indians in American History edited by Frederick Hoxie and The World Turned Upside Down edited by Colin Calloway to support my argument. The Natives in America possessed all of the aspects that human beings all over the world incorporated into their societies.
The Native Americans became angered and after the Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded in 1630, they also began to commit bad acts. For example, they killed Anne Hutchinson and her entire family. The relationship of the American Indians and Europeans was negatively impacted by the actions of both parties. The road for more settlement of New England and more conflict with American Indians was set as Europeans still wanted to expand their land and American Indians still wanted to protect their ground. In1606, the Virginia Company of London receives a charter from King James I of England for a settlement of the New World.