The religious persecution settlers experienced in their homelands and, for some, again upon arrival in British North America, served to shape the cultural landscape. For some religious refugees, improved economic opportunity played a secondary role in their decision to emigrate. For other colonists, economic opportunity was the sole motivation for setting sail to the New World. The societal values developed by settlers who worshipped the pursuit of the almighty coin would contrast drastically with those in pursuit of freedom to worship the Almighty. A comparative overview of the religious and socio-economic histories of the Chesapeake, New England and Mid-Atlantic colonies shows the evolved societies contrasted culturally as a direct result of diverse local economies and divergent religious influences manifested in the establishment of unique church state paradigms.
Task 1 for AGT1 The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson in 1776 for the purpose of establishing America as an independent nation and to explain the reasons why the colonies were declaring their independence. In it, he states that governments were to be put in place by the governed to uphold the unalienable rights of “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”. If the government failed or was destructive to this cause, the governed not only had the right to remove the current government and establish a new one, but a moral duty to do so. Because of the treatment of the colonists, Jefferson saw it necessary to the success of the people that this document be written. Some of the most recognizable and debated statements are found in the Declaration.
An Exploration of the Fundamental Differences between Conservatism and Liberalism Introduction As far back as the American Revolution there were opposing ideologies or philosophies as to how our government should operate. On the one hand you had Torries who wished to remain British Subjects. On the other you had Patriots who wanted to break with England and start their own Country as Freemen. During the drafting and ratification of our Constitution you had the Federalist and the anti-Federalist. They represented two sides of the same coin, which is betterment of American society.
British stated they fought to preserve the colonies therefore colonies should repay the favor. British started to tax them and Americans believed parliament could not represent them. England implemented the “virtual” representation of colonies by parliament. It became like Howard Zinn says, “the American leadership was less in need of English rule, the English more in need of the colonist’s wealth. (60) Many Acts were implemented to the colonies but the most significant was the Stamp Act.
Issue 7: Was the Constitution of the United States Written to Protect the Economic Interests of the Upper Classes? According to radical historian Howard Zinn, the Founding Fathers were an elite group of northern money interests and southern slaveholders who used Shay’s Rebellion in Massachusetts as a pretext to create a strong central government, which protected the property rights of the rich to the exclusion of slaves, Indians, and non-property-holding whites. Zinn uses an excerpt from historian George Bancroft to explain his reasoning. Bancroft basically said that the Constitution left out individuals and favored certain classes. Zinn also uses an excerpt from historian Charles Beard to explain his reasoning.
As each of the colonial states are formed and granted statehood, a political union is established and one of those members was Benjamin Franklin. Franklin argued that the British colonies must unite if they are to survive against the French (Bamber 2001). Creation of such a union would give them the right to levy taxes on the colonist, thus giving to the creation of a tax representative country. As the country began to grow, there were mixed feelings about how things should be run or who should run them. This lead to civil unrest and fighting among the colonist.
Hakluyt also pointed that the overflow of people, both in need of religious freedom and in want of more business opportunities, within England needed a place to go. America is not only perfect for dumping those excess peoples into, but also exceeds that by also bringing profit from those living in those colonies. One of the major points that Hakluyt drives home is the comeuppance to Spain by creating demand for goods and shipping, and thereby creating profit for England and away from the plundering Spanish. From the profits of the taxes and duties of the new shipping industry, Hakluyt believes a powerful navy can be built for the protection and preservation of the growing British Empire. In 1584, when Hakluyt wrote his Discourse, he says that England at the time was swarming with unemployed youths, men, soldiers, prisoners, and beggars.
Although Mercantilism largely served its purpose to enrich the parent country, during the 17th century this policy operated by England rather influenced its 13 colonies both negatively and positively, paving the way for resentment and Adam smith’s capitalistic society to present day. According to mercantilist doctrine, a nation should exercise full control of trade and production leading to a much more garnished and self sufficient economic system. In order to display full direct authority on its assets, English government put forth the acts of Trade and Navigation—that is in other words implying full control on imports/exports and certain goods that were only allowed to be exported to England itself. Although positive economic results would be seen through the perspective of England, these results would be overshadowed by more influential affects on the 13 colonies, politically and economically. Economically, England would directly govern its colonies via the Navigation Acts establishing three major rules.
America Should Welcome Immigration (1845) To third-world countries and other nations ran by dictatorship form of government, America is known to be a country built on liberty and justice. Many immigrants have come to America in search for new opportunities and a life of more quality. Over the years, the U.S. government placed several restrictions and bans on immigration. Will the American government and citizens continue to be prejudice towards immigrants or will they learn to accept foreigners and the benefits that come along with the being in America? The author of this essay, Dr. Thomas L. Nichols, effectively asserts that “The right of a man to emigrate from one country to another, is one which belongs to him by his own constitution and by every principle of justice” (18).
“The idea that Britain was a “pure” Anglo-Saxon society before the arrival of the communities from the Caribbean, Asia and Africa is Fantasy. But if this view of British identity is false to our past, it is false to our future too.” This line he tells us what the Englishness would have been if it existed, he tells us that the British identity is a false identity unless we see the immigrants as British people and as a part of that identity. Formal or informal. In the text Robin Cook talks in a formal language, we see that as he uses words that speaks to everybody in the English nation, and not only a specific group of people, this makes him look truth-worthy and the text has a professional tone, as well as a little hard on the English people who see them self as having Englishness. Categorize good or bad He talks about the English people coming together as a good thing.