Protestant Reform in Europe

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Protestant Reformation in Europe During the sixteenth century, there were quite a few people who questioned the authority of the Roman Catholic Church. This time period was called the Reformation, and during this time, the Church was criticized by the Protestants for their corruption. “The omnipotence of the church, both in the spiritual sense and in the political realm, had been called into question” (Rogers 9). The Reformation ended the period of unity created by Medieval Christianity. The two people who stand out during this time period are Martin Luther and John Calvin. They both took a stand against what they believed was wrong. Luther did not agree with the idea of indulgences, or the paid remission of temporal punishment, and Calvin wanted to be independent of the Church. The Church was not pleased with these outcries, and persecuted these men as heretics. The Church was criticized for a large number of things by the Protestants. One of these was the religious exclusiveness that the Church demonstrated. The Church believed that there is only one true Church, the Roman Catholic Church. This belief turned the word ‘church’ into a proper noun. Another thing that the Church was often criticized for was the lack of separation between Church and State. In all matters, whether they be religious or political, the Church, mainly the Pope, was the ultimate authority. The Protestants also had a problem with the idea of transubstantiation, or the belief that the bread and wine served at mass are literally the flesh and blood of Christ. The use of Latin in mass was also frowned upon, because no one could understand what the priest was saying. Clerical celibacy yet another thing that the Protestants didn’t like, and because of this, both Luther and Calvin were wedded. Although all of these things were greatly frowned upon, one of the things that stood out the most in with
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