The Puritans wanted to alter practices promoted by the Anglican Church as well as decrease the power of the discriminatory and corrupt bishops. After the death of the last Tudor, Elizabeth, King James I began to overtax the Puritans. The Puritans, persecuted by the King and angered by his favor towards the Catholics, had a falling out with England and therefore were voluntary candidates for colonists in the New World. Upon arrival in the New World; however, they preceded to practice intolerance towards others outside of their group. Puritan Massachusetts or the “city upon a hill” for example, instilled a theocratic government in which it was treason to oppose any Puritan practice.
They made an agreement to set up a government based on majority rule, similar to a democracy, called the Mayflower Compact. In 1691 Plymouth merges with Massachusetts Bay Colony. Within the Pilgrims are Separatists; these people are a more radical form of Puritans. Both Puritans and Pilgrims were influenced by Martin Luther and John Calvin. The main focus in life is God, and their goal is to break completely away from the Church of England because it is believed to be corrupt.
Simony was the buying and selling of anything considered spiritual (Miller 15). He believed that the appointments of church leaders by kings, in this case Henry IV, was an act of simony because the men that the kings were closest to were granted offices. Pope Gregory VII felt that this was a heresy in the church and the ability to appoint men to high positions should be stripped of the kings and emperors powers. During the reform, the holiness of kings was more directly attacked by the reformers who insisted that kings were only men, like all men (Miller 5) which helped Gregory VII find a backing for his revolt against the
2.King Henry vii was seemed infatuated with having a son. His first wife could not give him one son so to him she was useless, Henry wanted to divorce Katherine in order to move on to a new wife who could possible bear a son for him, King Henry went to the pope and asked for a divorce, when the pope declined King Henry of his request, he was ousted and the catholic church separated and Henry made the Church of England. When This great change occurred Henry then divorced Katherine and secretly married. 3.The renaissance is known as the rebirth because, that Europe region was changing its literature, art ,thought and learning process. Many of the people who were influential during the renaissance period are still famous presently.
Religious Right author David Barton, perhaps the most outspoken of the “wall of separation” critics, devoted an entire book, The Myth of Separation, to proving his claim that church-state separation is “absurd” and was a principle completely foreign to the Founding Fathers. He states: “In Jefferson’s full letter, he said separation of church and state means the government will not run the church, but we will use Christian principles with government.” More recently, two researchers have published books that criticize the almost infamous status the metaphor has achieved, especially before the U. S. Supreme Court. Daniel Dreisbach, who wrote, Thomas Jefferson and the Wall of Separation between Church and State, is critical of the courts for making the metaphor a practical rule of constitutional law. Dreisbach’s basic argument is that the metaphor fails to distinguish between the conception of “separation” and “non-establishment.” Dreisbach is correct in saying that metaphors can be overstated, misused, and made poor substitutes for legal
This is when the authority of the Roman Catholic Church led by the pope was rejected by those known as Protestants. Henry had imposed his own version on Protestantism where the English monarch became the head of the English church. Edward VI continued the reformation in England as to convert to a purer form of Protestantism. Under the guidance of his protestant council such as Thomas Crammer, Edward reshaped the face of the English church. However on his death, Catholicism returned to England in the form of Mary I.
When King Henry was crowned the supreme head of the Church of England, Moore refused to recognize his authority. He was executed in 1535. The English people had little sympathy for the situation and the Reformation continued. The English people began to have a radical view and King Henry took control over the Erasmian Humanists.   King Henry VIII also reformed the clergy in particular the bishops’ position.
Her mother was Catherine of Aragon of Spain, a religious catholic. Mary, too, was brought up as a catholic. However, when it seemed unlikely that Catherine would be able to produce a male heir for Henry, he wanted a divorce. He knew that only the Pope would be able to get him a divorce from Catherine, and, when he sent Thomas Wolsey, his minister, to ask the Pope, the Pope found himself in a tricky position. He did not want to upset Henry but he did not want to anger Catherine’s nephew, Charles V, who was against the divorce.
Reginald Fitz Urse introduces each speaker. First, de Traci argues that he and his companions are disinterested in the murder; they stand to gain nothing by it, and do it only for the sake of England. They are acting, in other words, as patriots. Second, Sir de Morville talks about the need for order. Becket upset the King's plan to consolidate the power of the church with the power of the state; therefore, he represented a threat to stability and security.