Martin Luther Martin Luther and many of the protestant reformers rejected the idea of doing “things” to earn your salvation, due to the abuses that were common in the Catholic Church of the Renaissance period. Protestants today continue to have this same view. However, taking into consideration that all Christians recognize the Bible as the Word of God. When we think of the name Martin Luther, we think of Martin Luther King junior and segregation. There was another Martin Luther, even more important, Martin Luther protested and changed the Catholic Church in many ways.
The Catholic Church Why did the Catholics become angry at the Catholic Church in the 1300s? During the Reformation problems happen in the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church was in chaos. They weren’t focus on people’s lives; they were focused on money and affairs. Martin Luther and John Calvin were in the Reformation they were determined to reform the Catholic Church.
He believed the selling indulgences was wrong, and even the pope, Pope Leo X, did not have the authority to abolish sins through payments. Luther recognized that at this time, the Church was more focused on accumulating money than saving its people and spreading the word of Christ. Luther believed that only God has the ability to take away the sins of humanity. Martin Luther published his opinions in a document titled Ninety-Five Theses. The monk's writing spread quickly around Europe, and he soon posed a serious threat to the Catholic Church.
The Puritans wanted to alter practices promoted by the Anglican Church as well as decrease the power of the discriminatory and corrupt bishops. After the death of the last Tudor, Elizabeth, King James I began to overtax the Puritans. The Puritans, persecuted by the King and angered by his favor towards the Catholics, had a falling out with England and therefore were voluntary candidates for colonists in the New World. Upon arrival in the New World; however, they preceded to practice intolerance towards others outside of their group. Puritan Massachusetts or the “city upon a hill” for example, instilled a theocratic government in which it was treason to oppose any Puritan practice.
2/6/13 Chapter 11 religion Essay Chapter 11 covers the problems between the church and the state in the low middle ages along with the western schism. Those two issues were huge challenges for the church and its ability to overcome them were very important. The issues between the church and state brought about a change in the way the Pope was able to use his power because people felt more loyalty to their country than to the church. The western schism nearly destroyed all of christendom and was a major detractor from church prestige. This essay will encompass a lot of the important figures and events that were either a part of the problem or solution of these problems between church and state or the schism.
In the 16th century the church played a huge role in the lives of people in Europe, however, in some parts and Germany in particular, the Church was seen as not responding to the appetite for spiritual fulfillment and failing in some of its duties. The Church was involved not just spiritually but economically, politically and educationally; therefore, any corruption within the Church had consequences all over Christendom. The role of the Church was to perform the seven sacraments in order for Catholics to reach their goal – salvation. Firstly, the Church was resented because it was corrupt. This was resented in Germany because it seemed hard to obtain salvation and live a spiritual life when the representatives of Christianity were dishonest.
FRQ: Compare and contrast Lutheran and catholic reformations The catholic and Lutheran reformations were revolutionary events in history in which the Christian religion divided into the different sects that exist today, Catholicism and Protestantism. The Lutheran reformation is when Luther studied scriptures and came to the conclusion that the papacy was an invalid power and corrupt. The catholic reformation was the Catholic Church’s attempt to resolve corruption and other serious issues within the Catholic Church. This was also done to reform the catholic church so it is more appealing and hence, less conversions to protestant branches of Christianity such and Lutheranism. These two events were similar and different in two aspects: they were different because while the Lutheran reformation had many doctrinal changes, the catholic reforms made no revisions whatsoever to the beliefs of the catholic church; and they were similar because they both resolved many corrupt practices which was critical for both Protestantism and Catholicism because it added an appeal to the two sects of Christianity allowing either of them to gain popularity.
In early America there was a group of people called The Puritans. The Puritans were an assembly of people who grew discontent in the Church of England and worked towards spiritual, ethical and societal reforms. The writings and ideas of John Calvin, a leader in the reformation, gave rise to Protestantism and were essential to the Christian revolt. They contended that the Church of England had become a product of political struggles and man-made doctrines. The Puritans were one branch of dissenters who decided that the Church of England was beyond reform.
These were people who protested against the Catholic church. They felt the Pope had too much power and control over England. They also complained that the Catholic church was corrupt - shown by the wealthy monasteries. Henry did not really agree with all the complaints against the Catholic church, but was determined to have a male heir. Henry used Parliament to push through his changes.
Task: “Luther was both a revolutionary and a conservative.” Evaluate this statement with the respect to Luther’s responses to the political and social questions of his day. During the 16th century, the Catholic Church was seen as corrupt because of certain practices such as indulgences. This corruption, lead many people to stand up against the Church, and this began The Protestant Reformation. One of the most influential people of this time was Martin Luther. Martin Luther’s responses to political and social questions during this time were often either revolutionary or conservative.