Henry VIII vs. John Calvin in the Protestant Reformation In the sixteenth century, stood the reformation of the Catholic Church in Western Europe. While the main focus was an internal renovation of the church, the outcome was much different than expected; the reformation led to a revolt against and an abandonment of principal Christian belief. The difference in the view and act of oneself was different from individual to individual during the reformation. While Calvin left for Geneva in 1536 from France because of the fear of persecution for the publically spread beliefs of his about the Church to the people, Henry VIII had manipulated the church for a way to receive a new wife in hopes for his first son. Different motivation stands for each of these people in what they did for the reformation.
Carly Campbell Dr. Devanney Honors European History February 1, 2010 King Henry VIII and the Break from the Catholic Church During the 1500s, Martin Luther started the Reformation movement. This event spread all over Western Europe and led to the division of the Catholic Church. As a result many countries, such as England, formed new churches and revised Christian doctrine. King Henry VIII was responsible for the break from the Catholic Church in England. King Henry VIII was the second Tudor monarch and came to the English throne in 1509.
He believed the selling indulgences was wrong, and even the pope, Pope Leo X, did not have the authority to abolish sins through payments. Luther recognized that at this time, the Church was more focused on accumulating money than saving its people and spreading the word of Christ. Luther believed that only God has the ability to take away the sins of humanity. Martin Luther published his opinions in a document titled Ninety-Five Theses. The monk's writing spread quickly around Europe, and he soon posed a serious threat to the Catholic Church.
Many people went to the bishops as their masters, and took orders from the pope, and not the king. In time, Germany peasants are inspired by the reformation, and seek to end serfdom. Several princes side up with Luther, who became identified as Protestants. In 1555, the Peace of Augsburg was established that stated each prince can decide religion of his state. Later on England parliament passes the Act of Supremacy ending the pope’s power.
Martin Luther and John Calvin were in the Reformation they were determined to reform the Catholic Church. The Pope led the Catholic Church and also decided weather, a person gets into heaven. Problems happen in the Catholic Church but there were important people that reform the church. In the 14th and 15th century problems began to happen in the Catholic Church. The Catholics were frustrated with the church because the church wasn’t about people’s lives; it was about
The Puritans wanted to alter practices promoted by the Anglican Church as well as decrease the power of the discriminatory and corrupt bishops. After the death of the last Tudor, Elizabeth, King James I began to overtax the Puritans. The Puritans, persecuted by the King and angered by his favor towards the Catholics, had a falling out with England and therefore were voluntary candidates for colonists in the New World. Upon arrival in the New World; however, they preceded to practice intolerance towards others outside of their group. Puritan Massachusetts or the “city upon a hill” for example, instilled a theocratic government in which it was treason to oppose any Puritan practice.
The Amish are directly descended from the Anabaptists of Europe. They were upset with the reforms that came during the Protestant Reformation and broke off to begin their own sect. They objected to infant baptism, believing instead that it was a decision that only an adult could make. They also believed strongly in separation of church and state. This splinter group called themselves Mennonites.
Martin Luther was responsible for igniting reformation. When Martin Luther came back from Germany to Rome in 1510, he emerged as a critic of the catholic papacy. He believed that the Catholic Church was wrong in teaching that salvation could be earned by doing good deeds and buy indulgencies. Martin Luther’s beliefs were fundamentally made up of three principles, Sola Fide “by faith alone”, sola scriptura “by scriptura alone”, and sola gratia “by grace alone”. Luther believed that the religious truth can be reach by reading the bible.
Martin Luther started this reformation by posting his 95 thesis to the door of the church. Luther believed that selling indulgences was wrong and that only faith alone Jesus Christ can earn yourself salvation. Luther’s cause was aided when King Henry joined the reformation and created the Anglican church. King Henry made the church because the pope would not let him divorce his wife so he could get an heir to the
Martin Luther Martin Luther and many of the protestant reformers rejected the idea of doing “things” to earn your salvation, due to the abuses that were common in the Catholic Church of the Renaissance period. Protestants today continue to have this same view. However, taking into consideration that all Christians recognize the Bible as the Word of God. When we think of the name Martin Luther, we think of Martin Luther King junior and segregation. There was another Martin Luther, even more important, Martin Luther protested and changed the Catholic Church in many ways.