Promote Nutrition and Hydration Unit 4222-672

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Outcome1 1) Define the main food groups • Fruits - The fruit food group encompasses a wide range of fresh fruits and fruit products, including dried, frozen and canned fruit, and 100 percent fruit juice. • Vegetables - Any vegetable or 100% vegetable juice counts as a member of the Vegetable Group. Vegetables may be raw or cooked; fresh, frozen, canned, or dried/dehydrated; and may be whole, cut-up, or mashed. • Grains - Any food made from wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley or another cereal grain is a grain product. Bread, pasta, oatmeal, breakfast cereals, tortillas, and grits are examples of grain products. • Protein Foods - All foods made from meat, poultry, seafood, beans and peas, eggs, processed soy products, nuts, and seeds are considered part of the Protein Foods Group. • Dairy - All fluid milk products and many foods made from milk are considered part of this food group. Most Dairy Group choices should be fat-free or low-fat. Foods made from milk that retain their calcium content are part of the group 2) Identify sources of essential nutrients • Carbohydrates - fruits, breads and grains, starchy vegetables and sugars • Protein – meat, fish, cheese, tofu, beans, lentils, yogurt, nuts, and seeds • Fat – omega-3-rich foods like fish, walnuts and vegetable-based oils • Vitamins –citrus fruits, strawberries and peppers • Minerals –bananas, potatoes and tomatoes. • Water – water , vegetables, fruit, meat, fish, eggs, soups 3) Explain the role of essential nutrients for health • Carbohydrate - supplies energy ,assists in the utilization of fats • Protein - helps build and repair body tissue, helps build antibodies • Fat - supplies energy, aids in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins • Vitamins - Vitamins help to regulate chemical reactions in the body • Minerals - contains calcium and magnesium are important for bone structure, and

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