Mineral and Water Function

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Mineral and Water Function What are the functions and sources of minerals? Minerals are essential nutrients needed in small quantities to stay healthy. They do not supply energy or calories, but can aid in other functions in the body. Since the body does not make minerals, they must be eaten through your diet to meet the daily requirements. To meet your daily mineral needs you should choose foods from the four food groups: grain products, milk, meat and vegetables and fruits. The functions and sources of minerals are: • Calcium; helps keep teeth and bones strong, and then it slows bone loss as you age. Help heart work properly. Sources are; milk, cheese, tofu with add calcium, sardines and salmon w/bones, and calcium fortified orange juice • Iron; carries oxygen to all the body parts and keeps you from being tired. Food sources; Meat, fish, tofu, organ meat, iron fortified flour, pasta bread, cereal and molasses. • Magnesium; forms teeth, bones and keeps muscles and nerves strong. Food sources; spinach, wheat germ, bran cereals, nuts, seeds, dry beans and peas. • Potassium; Controls blood pressure, muscles and nerves work together. Fluids are balanced in blood and tissue. Food sources; bananas, sweet potato, avocado, and prune, tomato, orange juice. Milk, yogurt, dry beans, fish, beef, pork, and nuts. • Zinc; is need for development and growth. It helps keep the immune system, is important in healing wounds and helps with other nutrients in the body. Food sources; milk, cheese, dried beans, liver, poultry, fish and seafood. What is the function of water in the body? (List at least 4). 1. To regulate the temperature in the body 2. To flush out waste products from the liver and kidneys to lessen the burden 3. The water in the amniotic sac protects fetuses in pregnant women 4. Moistens tissues in the mouth, eyes, and nose What are some effects of

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