Fat is also store in the system as triglycerides that forms three of our good saturated fatty acids. This process is formed on the cellular level of respiration. Adenosine triphosphate is our main source of receiving energy to the body. 1. Describe how the storage of molecules is broken down and used to produce ATP.
P2: Describe the characteristics of nutrients and their benefit to the body. Answer: Characteristics of nutrients and their benefit to the body are carbohydrates, starch and non-starch polysaccharides, sugar substitutes and sugar. Carbohydrates are one of the main types of food. Sugar and starch are main types of carbohydrates these carbohydrates provide energy for the body. Liver breaks down carbohydrates into glucose which the body uses for sugar.
Firstly, in order to obtain good health we need to consume a daily balanced diet. To do this, we must consume the daily amount of food requirements. In a balanced diet, there are seven essential components. These are: * Carbohydrates * Proteins * Minerals * Vitamins * Fat (Lipids) Carbohydrates are a simple sugar nutrient that provide energy and maintain a healthy body. Carbohydrates are formed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen as the basics.
When Lipids are broken down they are broken into a glycerol molecule and fatty acids. Each of the fatty acids are then separated into 2 carbon groups and then converted to acetyl CoA. Then each acetyl CoA will enter the Kreb cycle (the citric acid cycle) making 12 ATP per Acetyl couple. !2 • • A1 Saturated Fat -Solid at room temperature -Carbon atoms have a single bond between them and are saturated with hydrogen atoms - They stack well because they are saturated with hydrogen making them solid at room temperature -Our body makes mostly saturated fats -They are mostly animal based (butter, cheese, lard) Unsaturated Fat -Liquid at room temperature -Have at least one double bond between the carbon atoms and can absorb more hydrogen atoms -They are unable to stack because the double bond leaves them kinked making them liquid at room temperature -Cell membranes need unsaturated fat -Mostly plant based (olive oil, corn oil, sunflower oil) !3 A2 Saturated Fatty Acid A2a !4 Unsaturated Fatty Acid A2a !5 The role of fatty acid in the body • 1 Triglycerides- store energy, insulate the body,and provide protection to the bodies organs 2 Phospholipids- a basic part of the cell membrane which have a polar head which is hydrophilic and a hydrophobic tail 3 Waxes- a lipid which provides protection in the inner ear. 4 Steroids- A) a
A high LDL cholesterol level in combination with a low HDL cholesterol level increases your risk of heart disease, the leading killer of men and women. Trans fat is formed through an industrial process that ads hydrogen to vegetable oil, which causes the oil to become solid at room temperature. The manufactures form of trans fat, known as partially hydrogenated oil, is found in variety of food products, including: * Baked goods. Cookies, cakes, pie crusts and crackers * Snacks. Potato chips, tortilla chips and microwaveable popcorn * Fried foods * Refrigerator dough * Creamer and margarine How can trans fats harm you?
CHAPTER 5: MICROIAL METABOLISM PRE-TEST 1: Which of the following types of transport involves the expenditure of energy and special membrane proteins? ACTIVE TRANSPORT 2: Which of the following molecules serves as the short-term recyclable energy supply for a cell? ATP 3: Which of the following is a waxy lipid found predominantly in the cell walls of Mycobacterium? MYCOLIC ACID 4: Catabolic reactions are chemical reactions that BREAK LARGE MOLECULES APART 5: Denaturation is typically a problem with which of the following? PROTEINS 6: A difference in the concentration of a chemical on both sides of a membrane leads to which of the following phenomena?
The chemical produced by the digestive system that breakdown foods are called enzymes. One of the main substances required for energy and resulting from the digestion is glucose. This is stored as glycogen by the liver and is released back into the circulation as glucose when required. The pancreas produces insulin which plays a role regulating blood glucose levels. Glucose is important because it is an energy molecule that is broken down to give the cell ATP energy to use for the cell’s
Foods made from milk that retain their calcium content are part of the group 2) Identify sources of essential nutrients • Carbohydrates - fruits, breads and grains, starchy vegetables and sugars • Protein – meat, fish, cheese, tofu, beans, lentils, yogurt, nuts, and seeds • Fat – omega-3-rich foods like fish, walnuts and vegetable-based oils • Vitamins –citrus fruits, strawberries and peppers • Minerals –bananas, potatoes and tomatoes. • Water – water , vegetables, fruit, meat, fish, eggs, soups 3) Explain the role of essential nutrients for health • Carbohydrate - supplies energy ,assists in the utilization of fats • Protein - helps build and repair body tissue, helps build antibodies • Fat - supplies energy, aids in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins • Vitamins - Vitamins help to regulate chemical reactions in the body • Minerals - contains calcium and magnesium are important for bone structure, and
( D’adamo, 1997) Lectins are a type of protein that can bind to cell membranes, abundant and diverse protein found in foods, have agglutinating properties that affect our blood. So when you eat a food containing protein lectins that are incompatible with your blood type antigen, the lectins target an organ or bodily system and begin to agglutinate blood cells in that area. “The blood type diet is a nutritional diet advocated by Peter J. D'Adamo. D'Adamo claims that ABO blood type is the most important factor in determining a healthy diet and recommends distinct diets for each blood type.”(ibid, 1997) Throughout his books, D'Adamo cites the works of biochemists and glycobiologists who have researched blood groups, claiming that their research supports this theory.The evolutionary theory of blood groups used by D'Adamo stems from work by William C. Boyd, a blood type anthropologist who made a worldwide survey of the distribution of blood groups.
Glucose is a simple sugar found in food, and is a essential nutrient that provides energy for your body and proper functioning of the body cells. Carbohydrates are broken down in the small intestine an glucose in digested food is absorbed by the intestinal cells into the bloodstream, and carried through the bloodstream to all the cells thoughtout the body. The symptoms of Diabetes are igh amounts of glucose in the urine, which leads to dehydration and causes increased thirst and water consumption, weight loss despite an increase in appetite. Their is also fatigue, nausea, vomitting, bladder, skin, and vaginal infections;blurred vision; and lethargy. Their is a high output of urine with diabetes so that means you will go to the bathroom a lot if you have