Fat and Water Soluble Vitamins

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Fat and Water Soluble Vitamins In the following paper I will be explaining the function of fat and water soluble vitamins. Vitamins are essential nutrients. The body requires them in order to function properly. They are called essential because the body is unable to produce them, they must be consumed in food sources. All vitamins are classified into two groups that are called fat soluble and water soluble vitamins. Each group acts differently in the body. Fat soluble vitamins dissolve in fat and water soluble vitamins dissolve in water. (Young & Anderson, 2008) The body absorbs fat soluble vitamins through the intestine, and stores the vitamins in fatty tissues and the liver. In order for the process to work properly, there must be sufficient amounts of fat present in the diet. Fat soluble vitamins remain in the body for a long period of time, which increases the risk for toxicity. Overconsumption of fat soluble vitamins usually does not occur in a normal diet. However, if too many fat soluble vitamins are consumed via supplements, dangerous side effects could occur. Vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat soluble. (Young & Anderson, 2008) Vitamin A plays an important role in many bodily functions such as bone growth, cell division, reproduction, vision, and gene expression. The eyes and skin, as well as mucus membranes in the nose, mouth throat and lungs also require vitamin A for moisture. Good sources of vitamin A include dairy products, liver, and fish. Beta carotene, which is found in fruits and vegetables, can be converted by the body into vitamin A. Good sources of beta carotene include carrots, pumpkins, dark green vegetables, and apricots. (Young & Anderson, 2008) A vitamin A deficiency may cause multiple symptoms including impaired vision, blindness in children, intestinal problems,

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