Person Centered Therapy

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“You really listen and you really care.” These are the two main components of successful therapy according to Carl Roger’s theory of Person Centered Therapy. Rogers believed that the most effective way to provide therapy was to create a non-judgmental environment for the client where they could feel accepted, regardless of their issues, so they might form a bond with the therapist and experience positive growth. Through this bond, the therapist is able to gradually help the client to find their own solutions to their problems, without the therapist pushing them in a certain direction or imposing solutions onto them. Rogers thought it essential to focus on the person as a whole, rather than on the person’s problems in particular. Shedding the stigma of their problems, the client is able to step back and examine themself as a whole person and become aware of not only who they are, but who they have the capacity to become as well. Rogers believed this was achievable in a few specific ways: 1) by displaying congruency, or being genuine with clients and allowing the client to experience the counselor as who they really are, not as someone hiding behind a stoic façade, 2) by demonstrating unconditional positive regard, or caring deeply and genuinely for the client and their well being, regardless of their choices and actions and 3) by being empathetic and understanding towards the client (Prochaska & Norcross, 2014). In a recent 2011 study of twenty people who reported psychotic processes (I.e- hearing voices, hallucinating, paranoia and unusual and sometimes harmful processes of thinking or behavior), researchers found that a specific method used in the person centered approach, namely unconditional positive regard, was the main component that was able to bring about positive change in these particular people. By the therapist not labeling their illness and
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