Evaluate the claim that client centred therapy offers, the therapist all that he/she needs to treat clients. "When I look at the world I'm pessimistic, but when I look at people I am optimistic." Carl Rogers created the idea of client centred therapy from a optimistic, humanistic and non directive stand point. He believed that people were essentially good and given the right circumstances would move in a positive and life enhancing direction. Client centred therapy encourages the therapist to consider the individual.
Following Oscar Grant as he performed his daily routine made it very easy to sit back and pay attention to what was occurring and the inevitable that would happen in the end. Another good observation Turan makes is how the director was not afraid to portray the flawed parts of the main character. "As much as "Fruitvale Station" makes no attempt to hide these things, it is also insistent that they do not define the man"(Turan 2013). Although this was not something I realized to be true until after reading this critic, I had to concur with Turan once again. Throughout the film we are continuously shown that Oscar Grant is not a perfect
Roger’s development of the person centered therapy was inspired by the students of Otto such as Taft (1933). Thorne and Mearns (2007) argue that Rennie (1998) believed that the person centered therapist may be able to offer a route of direction without being directive. Sanders (2002)argues that Rogers believed that all individuals have the ability to be good, rational and trust worthy which enables them to move in positive directions. Likewise Schnieder and Krug (2010) explain that Wiheilm (1933) believed that all people were essentially good, had healthy core, self and character analysis which was the mythological and archetypal of Gustave Jung. All these humanistic psychologists did researches on freedom , values, tragedy, human potential, spirituality, personal responsibility and agreed people were naturally good.
“The primary role of the counsellor is not that of merely using certain techniques, even with warmth and sympathy. Counselling is essentially an ethical task: it is to serve the client’s best interests” (Munro et al, 1989:4). As stated in the abovementioned quote, the principal role of counselling is to serve the client’s best interests. In order to achieve this in therapy, however, various approaches to counselling need to be considered, chosen, and carefully implemented to aid the client in the most beneficial way possible. As each approach differs, so do the views pertaining to the relationship between the counsellor and client.
This approach encompasses the view that people are trustworthy, are unique as individuals and have their own realities. These realities are determined by perceptions and personal experience both past and present; however emphasis is placed on the conscious processes in the present. This approach allows the person to be their own expert on themselves; they understand their perceptions and reactions to experiences and attribute personal significant meaning to those experiences. This approach believes that this self actualisation will occur under the correct conditions, and once this is achieved then this tendency to actualise will allow the individual to grow and solve their own issues. The theoretical principles that define the Psychodynamic counselling approach centres on the relationship between the counsellor and the client.
In the opening of the film we see young Patch entering a mental ward by his own admission. During is “stay” at the ward he realized how much he enjoyed helping his fellow patients but more importantly he found the staff to be cold towards their patients. He could not take it anymore and decided to change things; he checked out of the hospital and enrolled himself into medical school Most of his colleagues saw his methods as unconventional and sometimes inappropriate and unprofessional. On the other hand he also had people he is life that understand and knew how special and gifted Patch was, like the nurses at the hospital who saw firsthand the difference he made in his patience’s lives, or the love of his life Carin, who accepted him, and supported his decisions and choices. Patch Adams was only trying to make the lives of his patience’s easier, by getting to know his patience on an emotional level he became more than just a doctor he became a loving caregiver and a friend.
It was a common way of thinking at that time so Priestley's aim for the play was to influence the unconvinced in society. The Inspector, straight from his introduction, is commanding and authoritative. Upon his entrance he creates, “…at once an impression of massiveness, solidity and purposefulness.” The Inspector continues to create this impression as he progresses through his speeches and through his interrogation of the family. The Inspector remains confident, sturdy and composed, while people around him crumble and fall to pieces. His ‘solidity’ is proven by the fact he remains on task despite numerous attempts from Birling to wander away from the points he is making.
Sam Spade cares about himself and only himself, if something happens in his line of work he shows no emotion or even shows he cares. When you’re the owner of something, much like a company, emotions cannot be apart of your everyday work. If you show emotions with what you’re running how will anyone else respect you and trust that this company is in good hands. He is a very hard worker and takes his job very seriously with complete awareness of everything he needs to complete. Spade does not trust many people and with this gets all of his business taken care of.
He felt that by engaging in dialogue it would help the client work towards their goals. He felt that with dialogue the client would show sign of caring, warmth acceptance and self-responsibility (Simkin, 1981). With this approach the therapist is able to help their clients reach their goals through encouragement and allowing the client to be expressive and to be responsible for their actions. As for Alfred Adler, the Adlerian approach was the first holistic theory of personality, psychopathology, and psychotherapy that was
I believe that Person-Centred Therapy offers the therapist many great tools to treat the client successfully, but at the same time am convinced that this approach on its own will not suit all clients but will work extremely well in combination with other types of therapy. Rogers identified core conditions for changes in clients to happen, the first of these being that there needs to be a relationship between the client and therapist in which the client shows certain vulnerabilities or incongruence. The therapist on the other hand will show complete genuineness and will not hide behind the role of a professional. He should be real and able to express his feelings genuinely and act on their life’s experiences with relevant self disclosures. The therapist should hide nothing and the client should be able to see through her.