Being raised in a low income area surrounded by people living the same lifestyle as you as if struggling is the norm of society. Children learn from early in their adolescent years adapt to their environment if they see their parents living in the projects in most cases they won’t have any means to get out of the projects. Children are affected mainly because of what they see not all but quite a few children are comfortable living the same way they grew up . No matter the situation the child comes from it will never determine their fate.
The book indicates that a single-parent “has been demonstrated not to affect children’s cognitive and emotional functioning (Foster & Kalil, 2007). However, I believe that conflicts found in a single-parent household may not be linked to the parent who has raised their children, but they can be associated with other things related to single parenting. Normally when there is only one parent, the family is often less financially stable which is the main reason for many family problems. Also, lower education levels and lower economic achievements have been associated with effects of coming from a low income family. It is also true that these children are less supervised because they don’t receive the time and communication from their parents.
It’s beneficial as there are male and female role models available for the children, and it gives the parents more control of how their children are brought up. Another strength is that there’s less interference from wider family members however this can also be seen as a negative aspect, as other people are unaware of what’s happening and if there was any problems within the family and therefore it’s difficult to identify neglect. This also makes it difficult to seek professional help outside of the family. Another disadvantage of this privatised nuclear family is that children are only exposed to one set of values and so are influenced to become like their parents in the future as they have no exposure to other behaviours of different families. A criticism of this
Often these children act out in aggressive ways outside the home but are fearful inside the home. They tend to have a low self-esteem, poor self discipline and unequal regard for other people. They tend to be poor judges of character, less able socially, and often rebel against authority figures when they are older. The next type of parenting is the permissive style of parenting. These parents are sometimes called the indulgent parents.
This leads to lower-self esteem as they don’t have friends or may get bullied. • Families differ in the amount of emphasis they place on physical activity and children sitting being taught. • Education can be seen better for boys than girls, this can affect attitude to learning, concentration and children in engaging in activities. Every parent wants a healthy and thriving child no parenting style is and no style is wrong. It is appropriate only according to the culture.
Parents who are authoritarian do not expect their children to question why they say the things they say. They are very into social status, and obedience in their children. They like for their children to have a structured environment, providing minimal emotional support towards their offspring. Children who come from a house with authoritarian parents tend to be average in school and show no signs of problem behaviors. These children, however, have poor social skills, and show signs of low self-esteem, while having high levels of depression (Partner, 2009).
These parents often resort to gift giving and even outright bribery, rather than setting boundaries and expecting obedience. The parent wants to be more of a friend than a parent. According to Dr. Phil McGraw (2009), children need boundaries and rules to learn right from wrong. “It is your job to be a parent not a friend to your child.”
Being in poverty is not about the lack of intelligence or ability, people stay in poverty because they see no other choice or no way out. Earning a high school diploma can change the cycle of multi-generational poverty. Parental poverty, while a parent copes to raise a child in poverty this alone increases weight of problems on the family. Mc Loyd (1990) states that economic hardship experienced by lower class families is associated with anxiety, depression, and irritability. These flawed parenting skills become inconsistent and the parents tend to be non-supportive of their children.
Like the mother, permissive parents often tend to rarely enforce rules or discipline their children. The Permissive Parenting Style is an extremely relaxed approach where parents are generally warm, nurturing and affectionate. However, they are overly accepting of their children's behaviour, good or bad (Positive Parenting Centre). Children often get to make their own decisions and don’t have to live up to any expectations. Parents with this style take on the role of "friends” rather than parents.
They can scold them and call them names just to motivate their kids to meet up to the parents high expectations. However, the western mother is very relaxed in her way of teaching and does not really care too much about their children’s assignments or exam results. Their most common phrase is just, ‘Work harder next time.’ But, their teaching methods can make the child very fond of learning as their parents don’t seem to have high expectations towards them. They might be happier, too. If