Psychological Effects Of African American History Essay

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1. African American history is filled with many psychological effects that have influenced the lives of African Americans including the time of slavery, racism, and separation. The racism and discrimination they have experienced in their lifetime has had a negative effect on their mental health. The book clearly states, “Racism discrimination is associated with anxiety, anger, frustration, resentment, somatization, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, interpersonal hypersensitivity, fear, paranoia, helplessness-hopelessness, and depression among African Americans” (Clark et al, 1999; Klonoff, Landrine, & Ullman, 1999). Many African Americans still live in the past and feel they are not treated fairly despite the belief that racism is now a thing of the past. The election of an African American president is an important change in the American self-image. If the highest office in the United States is now held by a man of color, then it is safe to assume that people of color now have the same opportunities as white Americans. The election broke the psychological barrier and the idea…show more content…
The book indicates that a single-parent “has been demonstrated not to affect children’s cognitive and emotional functioning (Foster & Kalil, 2007). However, I believe that conflicts found in a single-parent household may not be linked to the parent who has raised their children, but they can be associated with other things related to single parenting. Normally when there is only one parent, the family is often less financially stable which is the main reason for many family problems. Also, lower education levels and lower economic achievements have been associated with effects of coming from a low income family. It is also true that these children are less supervised because they don’t receive the time and communication from their parents. Even though there is no evidence behind all this, these are the reasons why single-parent households are viewed as problematic for

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