So, this leaves us with four parenting styles, and a possible fifth that remains to be fully confirmed by scientific research. Each of these will be discussed below. These styles are: Authoritarian, Tough Love, Authoritative, Permissive Indifferent, and Permissive Indulgent. The authoritarian style of parenting is "Children should be seen and not heard." These parents believe it is their responsibility to provide for their children and that their children have no right to tell the parent how best to do this.
Effective communication is vital when developing positive relationships with children young people and adults. Some people really struggle with their learning or they may have confidence issues, these issues may stop them from communicating freely. Treating them in a calm, friendly, positive, and praising manner could mean the difference between them trusting me and closing down completely and giving up. It is important to have a positive relationship with children and young adults because if they feel comfortable and secure with the adult and their setting whether it is a childminder, a nursery or a school they will separate more easily from their parent or carer. If they feel emotionally secure they are more likely to participate in the play and learning activities.
They found that it was the most popular form of attachment and is related to healthy development as the infants use the caregiver as a secure base form to explore and to function independently in the future. On the other hand infants with an insecure-avoidant attachment types tend to avoid social interaction and intimacy with others. They show little response to separation and do not seek the proximity of their caregiver on reunion. These types of infants are happy to explore with or without the presence of their caregiver. They show high level of anxiousness as well as avoidant behaviour and may become angry when their attachment needs are not met.
It’s beneficial as there are male and female role models available for the children, and it gives the parents more control of how their children are brought up. Another strength is that there’s less interference from wider family members however this can also be seen as a negative aspect, as other people are unaware of what’s happening and if there was any problems within the family and therefore it’s difficult to identify neglect. This also makes it difficult to seek professional help outside of the family. Another disadvantage of this privatised nuclear family is that children are only exposed to one set of values and so are influenced to become like their parents in the future as they have no exposure to other behaviours of different families. A criticism of this
In 1972, Ainsworth came up with the concept of the ‘strange situation’. She wanted to produce a method for assessing the quality of an attachment between an infant and their mother by placing the infant in a situation of mild stress to encourage the infant to seek comfort, and novelty to encourage them to explore (exploration behaviour). This tests separation anxiety and stranger anxiety as well as investigates the secure base concept which is when the mother provides the child with a secure base from which to explore the surrounding environment. About 100 middle-class American infants and their mothers took part in this study. Infants were observed with their mothers during a set of activities.
Being raised in a low income area surrounded by people living the same lifestyle as you as if struggling is the norm of society. Children learn from early in their adolescent years adapt to their environment if they see their parents living in the projects in most cases they won’t have any means to get out of the projects. Children are affected mainly because of what they see not all but quite a few children are comfortable living the same way they grew up . No matter the situation the child comes from it will never determine their fate.
Parents monitor and set clear standards for their children’s conduct. They are assertive, but not intrusive and restrictive. Their disciplinary methods are supportive, rather than punitive. They want their children to be assertive as well as socially responsible, and self-regulated as well as cooperative"
They are all able to contribute to a healthy functioning family system by meeting each family member’s needs and encouraging positive communication (Jamiolkowski, 2008). Unhealthy family systems have negative and possibly long-term effects on a child, both physically and emotionally. An unhealthy family system affects brain development and social development. Moreover, parents hold a particularly important part in their child’s spiritual development. When a family system lacks spiritual modeling, the children do not develop a spiritual relationship and lack religious meaning in their family life (Roehlkepartain, King, Wagener, Benson, 2006).
RUNNING HEAD: PARENTING STYLES Touro University International Leslie Odoms MAE533 – Physical Motor, Perceptual and Moral Development of Children 0-8 Case Assignment Module 4- Parenting Styles Dr. Marilyn Lender Parenting is a complex activity that includes several precise behaviors that work independently and together to influence child outcomes. Although precise parenting behaviors, for example spanking or reading aloud, may influence child development, looking at several specific behaviors in isolation may be misleading. Many writers have noted that detailed parenting practices are less important in predicting child well-being than is the extensive pattern of parenting. The constructions of parenting methods are most useful to capture normal variations in parents' attempts to control as well as socialize their children. Although parents may vary in how they try to be in command of or socialize their children and the degree to which they do so, a hypothesis came up that all parents are to influence, teach, and control their children, which should be their primary role.
It is important to have a supportive and trusting relationship.In the text, it is portrayed by Goldsmith that the success or downfall of a parent-child relationship relies on both individuals. If they do not both have respect for each other, then their relationship will be weak, and that is when relationships fall apart. Healthy relationships also consist of being able to be strong, however you need the proper characteristics. Goldsmith portrays Mr. Hardcastle and Kate’s relationship as a great one because they respect each other and Kate is very well disciplined. On the contrary Mrs. Hardcastle and Tony’s relationship lacks Boundaries and Communications so their relationship is negatively impacted and is one that is not healthy.