Outcome 1 1. Explain how different forms of dementia may affect the way an individual communicates Dementia is a progressive illness that over time will affect a person's ability to remember and understand basic everyday facts, such as names, dates and places. Dementia will gradually affect the way the person communicates. Their ability to present rational ideas and to reason clearly will change. People who care for dementia sufferers may find that as the illness progresses they will have to start discussions to get the person to make conversation.
237:- 1.1: The word dementia describes a set of symptoms that may include memory loss and difficulties with thinking, problem-solving or language. These changes are often small to start with, but for someone with dementia they have become severe enough to affect daily life. A person with dementia may also experience changes in their mood or behaviour. 1.2: The Key functions of the brain affected by dementia are: * Language * Memory * Perception * Emotional behaviour or personality * Cognitive skills (such as calculation, abstract thinking, or judgement). 1.3: Depression, delirium and age related memory impairment could be mistaken for dementia as they all manifest with similar symptoms.
Understand the process and experience of dementia Definition of dementia is a syndrome usually of a chronic or progressive nature in which there is deterioration in cognitive function, thinking, orientation, comprehension, and calculation, learning capacity, language and judgement. Dementia is caused by damage in brain. The most common cause of dementia is called neurodegenerative diseases that include Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, Huntington disease, Front temporal dementia and dementia with lewy bodies. With this disease the brain cell degenerate and die more quickly than normal ageing process, these decline a persons mental and some times physical abilities. The gradual changes and damage to the brain cells are caused by a build up of abnormal proteins in the brain.
Other early warning signs that Mr Lusk has presented with are deficits in language often people with Dementia forget how to speak simple words which can impact on the ability to have a conversation with the person, judgement, insight and thinking are also signs of Dementia people with Dementia have a hard time with abstract thinking and can’t problem solve as well as they use to. All the deficits that Mr Lusk has presented with do help confirm that Mr Lusk is suffering from Dementia. (Croft, 2010) 2. What investigations would help to confirm a medical diagnosis of Dementia? Mr Lusk had a mental exam performed on him when he was admitted to hospital which did show signs of memory loss and impaired cognitive functions other investigations that would help confirm a medical diagnosis of dementia would be to take a clinical history from the patients family, a
The symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease may change as the disease progresses. Many symptoms include becoming confused, forgetful, withdrawn, loss if communication, behavioural problems such as mood swings, frustration, anger and sadness. They may begin to have difficulties performing every day tasks such as personal hygiene or eating and drinking. However every person is unique and no two people may have the same symptoms. There is currently no cure but medication can be taken to stabilise some symptoms for a certain period of time.
Maria Gomez Health and Social Care Dementia - Drug Treatment Assessment The effects Dementia has to the brain, how drug treatments work, types of drugs and side effects. Dementia can be a slow deterioration of brain function, effecting thought processes, memory and which can have an impact on all bodily functions eventually. Patients with this disease may live on for many years; estimated between 3 and 30years on. It affects all aspects of the patients life. In general, a brain affected by Dementia produces less of some neurotransmitter.
Treatment During an episode of schizophrenia, you may need to stay in the hospital for safety reasons. MEDICATIONS Antipsychotic medications are the most effective treatment for schizophrenia. They change the balance of chemicals in the brain and can help control symptoms/ These medications are usually helpful, but they can cause side effects. Many of these side effects can be improved, and should not prevent people from seeking treatment for this serious condition. Common side effects from antipsychotics may include: •Sleepiness (sedation) •Dizziness •Weight gain •Increased chance of diabetes and high cholesterol •Feelings of restlessness or "jitters" •Slowed movements •Tremor Long-term use of antipsychotic medications may increase your risk for a movement disorder called tardive dyskinesia.
Retrograde amnesia is defined as the loss of memory from the point of injury backwards. For example, a victim of an accident resulting in head injury may not be able to recall the accident, and even worse, they may not be able to remember what happened several days before the accident. Those who suffer from retrograde amnesia usually have trouble remembering events that happened closer to the time of the injury. In the most severe cases, some victims may even forget who they are. Generally, this type of amnesia is temporary, and gradually restoration of memory is very common.
Treatment: According to Fairburn & Brownell (2002, p.342) “Treatment for anorexia sufferers involves working with the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral factors that fix the patient into the ill role”. It involves and tries to address three prime areas: Restoring the person to a healthy weight; treating the psychological disorders related to the illness; Reducing or eliminating behaviors or thoughts that originally led to the disordered eating. The most effective and successful treatment is a combination of psychotherapy, family therapy, and medication. Involving the patent in their own treatment is essential yet difficult to achieve as often the person with anorexia doesn't think they need treatment. (Smith, 2014).
UNDERSTAND THE PROCESS AND EXPERIENCE OF DEMENTIA Task A 1. For each of the following forms of dementia, describe: • How is the brain affected • The symptoms an individual might experience. Alzheimer's disease is a degenerative brain disease. Most patients start exhibiting symptoms after they reach the age of 60. Alzheimer's disease affects the brain through exponentially greater cell death and tissue loss, resulting in a decreased brain size.