Unit 4222 371

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Outcome 1 1. Explain how different forms of dementia may affect the way an individual communicates Dementia is a progressive illness that over time will affect a person's ability to remember and understand basic everyday facts, such as names, dates and places. Dementia will gradually affect the way the person communicates. Their ability to present rational ideas and to reason clearly will change. People who care for dementia sufferers may find that as the illness progresses they will have to start discussions to get the person to make conversation. This is common. Their ability to process information gets progressively weaker and their responses can become delayed. Impaired depth perception, loss of vision, loss of colour vision, loss of contrast sensitivity and hallucinations are all problems that may be associated with dementia. As a carer non-verbal communication will become important, body language, facial expressions, gestures, eye contact and tone of voice will have to be taken into account when communicating with a sufferer. As the dementia progresses, it gets more difficult for the sufferer to put a sentence together, regular responses like ‘hello’ and ‘goodbye’ will be maintained for the longest period of time, in the later stages of dementia the person may find it difficult to speak at all. 2. Explain how physical and mental health factors may need to be considered when communicating with an individual with dementia Individuals with dementia may have other difficulties such as loss of hearing. It is therefore important to ensure that any hearing aids are working well and that you speak in a loud clear voice so you can be understood. The individual could also be in pain or discomfort, they could be suffering side effects from medication, which will affect the way they communicate with you. Eyesight may also be affected. It is
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