Mental Disorders: Childhood Onset Schizophrenia

1107 Words5 Pages
Schizophrenia Childhood-onset schizophrenia Last reviewed: February 7, 2010. Schizophrenia is a complex mental disorder that makes it difficult to: •Tell the difference between real and unreal experiences •Think logically •Have normal emotional responses, •Behave normally in social situations Causes, incidence, and risk factors Schizophrenia is a complex illness. Mental health experts are not sure what causes it. However, genetic factors appear to play a role. •Certain environmental events may trigger schizophrenia in people who are genetically at risk for it. •You are more likely to develop schizophrenia if you have a family member with the disease. Schizophrenia affects both men and women equally. It usually…show more content…
Treatment During an episode of schizophrenia, you may need to stay in the hospital for safety reasons. MEDICATIONS Antipsychotic medications are the most effective treatment for schizophrenia. They change the balance of chemicals in the brain and can help control symptoms/ These medications are usually helpful, but they can cause side effects. Many of these side effects can be improved, and should not prevent people from seeking treatment for this serious condition. Common side effects from antipsychotics may include: •Sleepiness (sedation) •Dizziness •Weight gain •Increased chance of diabetes and high cholesterol •Feelings of restlessness or "jitters" •Slowed movements •Tremor Long-term use of antipsychotic medications may increase your risk for a movement disorder called tardive dyskinesia. This condition causes repeated movements that you cannot control, especially around the mouth. Call your doctor right away if you think you may have this…show more content…
A therapist can help. •Manage money •Use public transportation Expectations (prognosis) The outlook for a person with schizophrenia is difficult to predict. Most of the time, symptoms improve with medication. However, others may have difficulty functioning and are at risk for repeated episodes, especially during the early stages of the illness. People with schizophrenia may need supported housing, job training, and other community support programs. People with the most severe forms of this disorder may not be able to live alone. Group homes or other long-term, structured places to live may be needed. Symptoms will return if a person with schizophrenia does not take their medication. Complications Having schizophrenia increases your risk for: •Developing a problem with alcohol or drugs: This is called a substance abuse problem. Using alcohol or other drugs increases the chances your symptoms will
Open Document