Physical factors, usually associated with illness, are the predominant cause of malnutrition in UK adults, although psychosocial issues have significant effects on dietary intake in some groups (e.g. the socially isolated, the bereaved, poor quality diets in low income groups and some older subjects). Since malnutrition both predisposes to disease (Table 7) and is simultaneously an outcome of disease, patients may enter a downward spiral of ill-health due to malnutrition-disease interactions. (NCBI) Muscle function relies primarily on nutrients received through nutritious foods and vitamins. A loss of fat and muscle mass is commonly the biggest sign of malnutrition.
What is hyperglycemia? Hyperglycemia is the technical term for high blood glucose (blood sugar). High blood glucose happens when the body has too little insulin or when the body can't use insulin properly. What Cause Hyperglycemia? A number of things can cause hyperglycemia: If you have type 1, you may not have given yourself enough insulin.
Introduction This essay is focusing on a 66-year-old elderly woman, Mdm Y. Mdm Y is a mother of six children, and she had two marriage. She lives in a four-room HDB flat with her eldest daughter, son-in-law, grand daughter and her down-syndrome son. In this essay, the author will be discussing about Mdm Y’s physical and cognitive changes and psychosocial development, the factors affecting her physical, psychosocial, emotional well-being and factors causing her to have any developmental delay. Also, to explore the community resources available to help her promote and maintain her health and to mitigate the impact of her problems on her and her family. Physical Development Mdm Y belongs to the young-old category which is 65-74 years old.
Both Anorexia and Bulimia have the same core cause, which is low self-esteem. With today’s society putting so much “importance” on what is believed to be the “perfect” body and weight, people with eating disorders see themselves as imperfect. However, that is not the only underlying cause. (Costin 2007) Depression and abuse of all types are also common factors that contribute to the eating disorders of Anorexia and Bulimia. It is important to note that depression and abuse are not always a factor but that it is common in many cases.
Hypokalemia * When the body has low levels of potassium (<3.5 mEq/L) it can lead to cardiac and respiratory arrest if the problem isn’t corrected. * Muscle and nerve cell conduction abnormalities Etiology Deficient intake, potassium wasting diuretics (HCTZ & Lasix), gastrointestinal losses, diabetes insipidus, loss of aldosterone, heat-induced diaphoresis, and high blood sugar induced diuresis. Hyperkalemia * When potassium levels are high (<5.1 mEq/L) it can cause cells to become more excitable causing them to respond to stimuli of less intensity or even indepent of stimuli leading to abnormal electrical cardiac rhythm. Etiology Increased potassium intake such as from the use of salt substitutes or rapid infusion of K+, decreased secretion, potassium sparing diuretics (aldactone), burns, massive tissue trauma, GI bleed, overdose of replacement therapy, digoxin, insulin deficiency, and hyperuricemia. 3.
Deficiency of phenylalanine causes numerous healthy problems such as altered state of mind, lack of energy, memory issues, confusion, and decreased alertness. High blood levels of phenylalanine can also be bad. High levels of phenylalanine can lower intelligence, causes anxiety and depression, and the inability to focus or pay attention. This is why phenylalanine is such an important molecule. Too much of it can cause problems and a deficiency also causes health problems, therefore it is important to be educated about it.
Sleeplessness results in hormonal changes that increase appetite and cravings for energy-dense foods. Lack of sleep also reduces the extent of growth. This is due, mainly, to reduced secretions of the cortisol hormone. It may also result in other problems such as reduced immunity and poor digestion. Reduced immunity, in turn, makes the person susceptible to a great number of diseases that weaken the body to a great extent and hence, the overall growth reduces.
One of the many deviant subcultures in today’s world is anorexia. Anorexia Nervosa, in medical terms, is defined as, ‘‘the refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight’’ (APA 589). Anorexia Nervosa often involves deliberate attempts to lose weight and avoid eating. In sociological terms anorexia is seen as a bodily stigma. The anorexic subculture is seen as deviant because of the major difference between a healthy weight and the malnourishment that anorexia exhibits.
| Poor nutrition can be a result of not eating enough food, or not eating the right kind of food. Not eating enough or eating all the wrong kind of food can lead the body to face health complications in the future. One complication the body faces with poor nutrition is diabetes. Diabetes can be caused by obesity, high blood pressure and high