The sequel of refeeding syndrome adversely affect nearly every organ system and include cardiac dysrhythmias, heart failure, acute respiratory failure, coma, paralysis, nephropathy, and liver dysfunction. The primary cause of the metabolic response to refeeding is the shift from stored body fat to carbohydrate as the primary fuel source. Serum insulin levels rise, causing intracellular movement of electrolytes for use in metabolism. The best advice when initiating nutritional support is to "start low and go slow". Recommendations to reduce the risk of refeeding syndrome
* You could have problems digesting the food you eat. You could feel weakness or have trouble having a bowel movement. * High blood sugar and other problems can lead to kidney damage. Your kidneys might not work as well and may even stop working As a result, you might need dialysis or a kidney transplant. 4.
Failure to do so results in their immune system producing antibodies which attacks the lining of their bowel causing them to have abdominal pains, constipation/diarrhoea, bloating, difficulty in gaining weight in childhood or maintaining weight in adulthood and anaemia. Because it affects the way their body can absorb nutrients it can also lead to osteoporosis and increase their risk of bowel cancer. Some foods can be bought that are labelled ‘gluten free’ but tend to be more expensive. • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is the term used to describe a condition when on inspection of the bowel everything seems normal, but the person suffers with symptoms like abdominal pain, flatulence, bloating and constipation/diarrhoea. The person may want to keep a food diary to help discover which foods make their condition worse and avoid them in the future.
The causes for homeostatic imbalance in hypertension are medication, weight, smoking, heredity, drinking, external stressors, age, disease, and race. The reason the feedback system cannot maintain homeostasis is because of the different effectors causing the arteries to constrict, thus causing your blood pressure to rise. If you don’t contain a homeostatic balance in the cardiovascular system, you at risk for having heart attacks, kidney damage, vision issues, strokes, and problems with the aorta. This is how I would explain hypertension to a 63 year old man with an 8th grade education. I would begin by explaining that blood pressure is the force that your blood exerts on your arteries.
The cells are located in the pancreas, and they are responsible for producing insulin. The ensuing deficient in insulin results in amplified urine and blood glucose. IDDM is a chronic disease resulting in high mortality rate throughout the globe. The disease is not curable, but patients learn to manage it throughout their lifetime. Some of the classical symptoms of the disease include loss of weight, urinating frequently, extreme thirst as well as hunger (Cooke & Plotnick, 2008).
This happens because there is no insulin to move glucose out of your bloodstream and into your cells to produce energy. If your blood glucose levels become too high, you may experience hyperglycaemia. The symptoms are similar to the main symptoms of diabetes, but they may come on suddenly and severely. They include: * extreme thirst * a dry mouth * blurred vision * drowsiness * a frequent need to pass urine If left untreated, hyperglycaemia can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, which can eventually cause unconsciousness and even death. Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when your body begins to break down fats for energy instead of glucose, leading to a build-up of acids in your blood.
If this physiological disorder is untreated, it can cause very serious health problems. You treat this condition by a healthy diet and keeping active, also people with Type 2 diabetes take tablets to lower their blood glucose levels however you can also inject insulin in the stomach/ upper arm or thigh. You get type tow diabetes by having an unhealthy diet/being overweight and not doing enough exercise. When you get diagnosed with Diabetes it will not get worse as you get older if you remember to take your insulin at the right times every day. You get diagnosed with diabetes through being overweight/ unhealthy diet and lack of exercise it also only appears in later life.
The traditional risk factors for coronary artery disease are high LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, high blood pressure, family history, diabetes, smoking, being post-menopausal for women and being older than 45 for men, obesity may also be a risk factor. Once the inner wall of an artery is damaged, fatty deposits (plaques) made of cholesterol and other cellular waste products tend to accumulate at the site of injury in a process called atherosclerosis. If the surface of these plaques breaks or ruptures, blood cells called platelets will clump at the site to try to repair the artery. This clump can block the artery, leading to a heart attack. Lifestyle changes and medicines can help control CAD.
It can damage major organs. Depending on what is being eaten it can causes diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. Diets high in fat can also cause heart disease and high cholesterol because it contains a high amount of saturated fat. It can cause lower core strength, slower problem solving ability and muscle response, and can also make you less alert. Having a high sugar and fat diet can cause diabetes which also leads to weight
LDL (the bad kind) and HDL (the good kind). Too much LDL in ones diet can lead to clotting of the bloodstream, which in turn, causes a heart attack. Luckily it's a risk that can be controlled. By eating foods lower in fat and cholesterol, one can lower the LDL levels in their body. People who have exceptionally high levels of LDL cholesterol may want to talk to a doctor about a prescription