For instance people with dementia can be affected by grief as in the most common of circumstances they are elderly and may have suffered the loss of a partner. Greif can affect people in a variety of ways and emotionally it can suppress a person’s appetite leading to dehydration and mal nutrition, or someone comfort eating and eating excessive amounts leading to weight gain and possibly someone becoming obese. 2. Explain how poor nutrition can contribute to an individual’s experience of dementia. If someone has poor nutrition
Depending on its cause, emaciation may have other features, and while from the outside these symptoms look severe, on the inside of the body it is more dangerous, as most of the body’s systems aren't provided with the nutrition required to function well or normally. The more severe low body weight is, the more risk this poses. (Fargo, 2012) Emaciation has numerous causes, and things like involuntary starvation should not be overlooked. In areas where poverty is extreme, few residents may get the nutrition they need and they may begin to show signs of emaciation. Appearance isn’t the only issue, and starvation is life-threatening.
For example, two diseases that develop from too little protein are Kwashiorkor and Marasmus, and too diseases that develop because of too much carbohydrates and lipids are Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease. When consuming too much or too little of a macronutrient it can also result in a stunt in growth, especially in children, a insufficient amount of energy, and either weight loss or weight gain. People also tend to gain a low immune system making them more susceptible to
Failure of one chamber causes reciprocal changes in the opposite chamber; Weakness and fatigue; Poor feeding, resulting in weight loss; Developmental delays; Irritability; Pallor and cyanosis; Dyspnea, tachypnea, orthopnea, wheezing, cough, weak cry, grunting, mild cyanosis and coastal retractions; Tachycardia; Hepatomegaly; Weight gain from edema, ascites and pleural effusion; Distended neck and peripheral veins; Sweating Nursing Diagnosis: Activity intolerance r/t generalized weakness; imbalance between oxygen supply and demand Goal: Participates in prescribed physical activity with appropriate increases in heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing rate Nursing Interventions and
The skin then breaks and pressure ulcers form 2. The parts of the body most at risk of developing pressure ulcers are in direct contact with a supporting surface, such as a bed or a wheelchair. These might be: * Shoulders or shoulder blades * Elbows * Back of the head * Rims of ears * Knees, ankles, heels or toes * Spine * Tail bone (the small bone at the bottom of the spine) 3. Some of the factors that can put an individual at risk of developing pressure sores are: * Poor nutrition or hydration * A health condition that limits the blood supply(diabetes and peripheral arterial disease) making the skin vulnerable to bruising and damage * Poor mobility * Age * Urine or bowel incontinence 4. By using incorrect moving and handling techniques one might put residents at risk.
Failure to do so results in their immune system producing antibodies which attacks the lining of their bowel causing them to have abdominal pains, constipation/diarrhoea, bloating, difficulty in gaining weight in childhood or maintaining weight in adulthood and anaemia. Because it affects the way their body can absorb nutrients it can also lead to osteoporosis and increase their risk of bowel cancer. Some foods can be bought that are labelled ‘gluten free’ but tend to be more expensive. • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is the term used to describe a condition when on inspection of the bowel everything seems normal, but the person suffers with symptoms like abdominal pain, flatulence, bloating and constipation/diarrhoea. The person may want to keep a food diary to help discover which foods make their condition worse and avoid them in the future.
It can damage major organs. Depending on what is being eaten it can causes diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. Diets high in fat can also cause heart disease and high cholesterol because it contains a high amount of saturated fat. It can cause lower core strength, slower problem solving ability and muscle response, and can also make you less alert. Having a high sugar and fat diet can cause diabetes which also leads to weight
Physical symptom of the disease includes lack of coordination, uncontrolled movements and problems with eating and swallowing. This will cause for a need of a nurse or all day care of the person because they will not be able to perform task on their own. Behavioral problems are said to come from damage to the brain as the disease progress frustration and depression has a serious affect on the person. Everyone does not go through the same sypmptom people are affected differently. The disease can consist of : clumsiness, uncontrolled continual muscular contractions, loss of balance, slurred speech, walking difficulty and stumbling, and falling.
2 Explain how poor nutrition can contribute to an individual's experience of dementia. Poor nutrition can make the symptoms of dementia worse,increase risk of more frequent infections requiring use of antibiotics. Malnutrition also affects the immune system making it more difficult to fight off infections. Effects
Over time, hunger slows physical and mental development in children and leaves them more vulnerable to illness and disease. For example, respiratory and diarrhea infections are common in undernourished children, and even diseases of vitamin A deficiency, which can cause blindness, anemia, caused by iron deficiency and goiter due to iodine deficiency. Undernourished adults lose weight, are progressively weakened, and become apathetic, less creative and imaginative, and more irritable. Although acute hunger or famine receives more attention from the world’s news media, it should be remembered that the great majority of hunger deaths come not from starvation but from nutrition-related sicknesses and diseases. Hunger, malnutrition and under nutrition are all terms used to describe aspects of this problem.