This theory was developed in hope that it could explain and predict how communication occurs between two people when communicating. Argyle said that communication is a skill that has to be learnt and practised to keep it up to date. Communication involves people sending, receiving and responding to someone‘s verbal or non-verbal messages. The communication cycle with an aim an idea that someone has had a thought, the message is then encoded into language that can be understood with the appropriate words. The message is then sent this can be done via speech, writing such as a letter or via technology i.e.
Argyles Communication Theory M1 Argyles Communication Cycle This cycle ensures you to get the message across effectively and correctly, and this is what the communication cycle is: 1. A person has an idea: You have an idea that you want to communicate, for example you see a friend and you already have the idea to communicate with then. 2. They code their ‘message’ (using words or non-verbal means): This is the process of transmitting the information that the recipient can easily understood like for example by choosing the right words, grammar and punctuation, body language and tone of voice. 3.
Message decoded: The other person has to then interpret or ‘decode’ your message. 6. Message understood: If this was successful, then your ideas will be understood. Tuckman’s stages of group interaction (Tuckman, 1965)- this theory suggests that most groups go through a process involving four stages whilst communicating. These are: 1.
Perspectives | Theorists | Key aspects | | Social learning theory | Albert Bandura | In this theory, we learn from other people for example family, friends and teachers. People learn from role models. Role models are very important in this theory because. The fact that we learned new behaviour from others show that we have different views of people. If we observe person we will adapt their behaviour if they behave in certain way.
Kolb points out that this cycle recurs continuously. He suggests that each learner has a tendency towards a particular part of the cycle and that this is exhibited as a preference for specific types of learning activity that appeal to the individuals learning strengths (Learning to learn). Kolb introduced four learning styles, namely: Converger, Diverger, Assimilator and Accommodator. He believes that everyone has a preferred learning style but it does not mean that they cannot operate effectively in other styles. As per his theory every person has a different learning style that suits their preferences and how they learn best.
Social Psychology Tandy Noonan Learning and Cognition/PSY400 12/19/2011 Dave Brueshoff Social Psychology Definition Paper How do we define Social Psychology and what influences does it have on individuals? When one understands social psychology they will be able to help others in being the best they can. In this paper you will find the definition of social psychology. Along with the definition of social psychology, you will find a discussion on how social psychology is different from sociology. Defining social psychology "Social psychology is a science that studies the influences of our situation, with special attention to how we view and affect one another; social psychology is the scientific study of how people think about; influenced, and relate to one another.
Introduced by Chuck Berger, the Uncertainty Reduction Theory was a way in which to explain the interactions, or the absence of which, between strangers. "Berger's uncertainty reduction theory focuses on how human communication is used to gain knowledge and create understanding," (Griffin, 125). It details how, upon first meeting, strangers go through several steps in order to reduce the uncertainty they have for each other during their initial conversation. With this theory, people are able to gain the amount of knowledge they feel they need in order to asses whether or not they take a liking to that person. Berger describes how people will go through a serious of "axioms to explain the connection between his central concept of uncertainty and eight key variables of relationship development," (Griffin, 126).
These concentrate on the thought process, (cognitive process) which individuals undergo before they are motivated to act in a certain way. Psychologists have defined the term motivation in a few different ways. As described by Daft (1997), motivation is understood as "the forces either within or external to a person that arouse enthusiasm and persistence to pursue a certain course of action" (pg. 526). "Motivation is concerned with how behaviour got started, is energized, is sustained, is directed, is stopped, and what kind of subjective reaction is present in the organism while all this is going on" (Edward E. 1973: pg.3) MASLOW HIERARCHY THEORY Maslow has said that "Man is a perpetually wanting animal whose needs depend on what they already possess".
The cycle is: ⦁ Idea occurs- you think of an idea that you want to communicate, your initial thought. ⦁ Message coded- You think about how you are going to say it in a suitable way. This might involve you putting your thoughts into some other 'code' (sign language etc.) ⦁ Message sent- You speak, sign, or write the message in some form to recipient. ⦁ Message received- The other person has to see your message, hear your words or see your signs.
Other Reasons Why People Communicate: To Learn/Teach To Give And Receive Support To Express Thoughts And Ideas To Persuade Others To Give Instructions/Receive Instructions To Share To Compliment To Relate To Argue To Defend Question 2: Communication needs to be effective in the workplace. How does effective communication affect all aspects of your work? Communication is something I use on varied levels