Also during this period, the child will make great strides in language and social skills (Lockman, 2009, p.6). The text suggests that there are three major periods of a baby’s development through the first two years of life (Brooks, 2010, p. 211). During the development of self-period, infants’ visual, sensory and motor responses emerge and so it is important for new parents to ensure their baby is stimulated with things such as mobiles or even just playing with their newborn. Babies, even newborn babies, like being around people and engaging with people (Brooks, 2010, p. 215). Allowing for the newborn to have many interactions with both their parents and other newborns will start the development of their social and emotional skills.
There is plenty of room in the womb so the baby can move around. At birth, the last weeks of pregnancy will have the baby’s head facing downwards. The uterus walls will start to contract and the cervix will dilate, causing the baby to pass into the vagina. The baby gasps and cries after birth, so the lungs start to work. The voices of the parents will be recognized.
A baby will lie on his back and have the ability to turn his head to the mother’s breast. From there a baby learns to kick legs, find his hands and in time, start to control his head. Physical movement progresses between six to eighteen months from rolling over, to shuffling along, crawling, standing and walking unaided. By two he should be fully mobile and able to throw or kick a ball. Between eighteen months to four years bladder control develops and from three to five years children demonstrate their ability to run and negotiate stairs with relative ease.
Social Development in Children Social development in children starts at birth through interaction between the baby and the parent in the initial stages. Peers and older children start to play a bigger role in social development as they grow up. Stages of Social Development in Children A baby's social development begins even before birth, when he is in his mother's womb. He listens to his mother's voice and is able to recognise and differentiate it from other voices. After birth, baby begins his first interaction with a smile when looked into his eyes by the parent.
Parental involvement early on in a child’s life is not only important in terms of development, but also for their child’s future and well-being. Growth and development of a child begins at birth, starting with movement, eyesight, hearing, smell and touch. Being a parent of an infant, it is important to read, sing, and talk to the infant from day one. Frequently reading to the newborn enables the parents to teach them to enjoy books and reading (MDE). Interacting and playing with the child will teach them new emotions and help learn how to explore themselves and learn new things on their own.
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This essay will demonstrate how these relationships can be built and what is needed to make these relationships successful across the ages of 0-5. The beginnings of a relationship are formed just a few weeks after a child is born. The Understanding Children (2007) DVD, Band 1, shows babies enjoying the interaction of play and communication when spoken to. The way in which the adult talks to the child is very important. Research has shown that the sing-song speech, often accompanied by exaggerated facial expressions is loved by babies, (Rai & Flynn, p27).
Attachment can form at any age but early attachments are formed through being sociable from birth, this happens through interactions with people from the moment they are born. An example of a social interaction that can later contribute to the child forming a bond is face recognition. This is being able to recognise familiar faces and therefore can be the start of a bond. If early attachment is made with another person, for example this may be the main carer, then the child is likely to go on to strengthen that bond until firm attachments are made. Attachment allows the child to learn trust and feel secure with the person they are bonding with, this is important in how they form relationships with others.
The central idea of attachment theory is that mothers who are available and responsive to their infant’s needs establish a sense for security. The infant knows that the caregiver is dependable, which creates a secure base for the child to explore their surroundings. The characteristics involved with attachment theory are: a safe haven, secure base, proximity maintenance and separation distress. In the process of forming attachments, infants learn a lot about other people and themselves. For example, a baby slowly develops expectations about shared routines (“ When Grandma says,’ Peekaboo’, I hide my eyes and we both laugh”), beliefs about other people’s trustworthiness (“Mommy takes care of me”), emotional connections (“ I love my Daddy”), and a
Language development: • A six month old baby will be able to make a variety of happy sounds. • will respond to music and singing • will mirror their parent’s movements and expressions. 6 TO 12 MONTHS BABY Physical development: • The toddler will have learnt to sit first with support, and then without. • will be able to roll over • he will begin to crawl or shuffle • he will be able to stand with support • he will raise his arms when he wants to be lifted • he will respond to his name • he will pass objects from hand to hand • Look for things that have been hidden and reach for food. Social and emotional development: • Baby will develop “Separation Anxiety” (some babies develop it earlier or