Narcolepsy usually begins in adolescence or early adulthood, and continues through the personâs life. It is thought that 1 in 2000 people suffer from narcolepsy but it is difficult to get an accurate measure of incidence as some people only have mild symptoms or just donât go to their doctors. Sufferers experience sudden and uncontrollable attacks of sleep at irregular and unexpected times. The two main symptoms are feeling sleepy a lot of the time, and losses of muscular control, episodes triggered by emotional arousal such as anger, fear, amusement, stress or anxiety. Other symptoms can include hallucinations and sleep paralysis - both experienced either when falling asleep or when waking up, and frequent waking up when asleep at night.
Outline lifespan changes in sleep It has been found that over a lifespan there are decreases in total sleep time, deep sleep and REM sleep. Also, there are increases in sleep latency (time taken to nod off) and stages 1 & 2 sleep time. Van Cauter et al (2000) carried out a longitudinal sleep study on male participants. Of particular interest was their finding: DEEP SLEEP DETERIORATES IN 2 STAGES. Between 16 and 35 years and between 35 and 50 years During infancy babies sleep more than everyone else and have different sleep patterns.
The first explanation of phobias is the genetic explanation, which argues that phobias are hereditary. Most if the family studies conducted by researchers have found that relatives of those with phobias are more likely to suffer phobias themselves compared with relatives of non-phobic controls. A twin study by Slater and Shields 1969 found 41% concordance in 17MZ twin pairs versus 4% in 28 DZ twin pairs for any type of anxiety disorder. However even though studies have proven to support the genetic problems there are a number of difficulties with family studies. The main problem is that in most cases family members share the same environment so it can be argued that it was the environment that caused them to equally learn the behaviour instead of the genetic relationship.
It's primary role is known to be processing and memory of emotional reactions such as anxiety, thought not 100% proven. Experiments with rats have showed that amygdala is indeed associated with fear and anxiety. Though, it is hard to perform the same studies on humans due to ethical reasons, different kinds of studies were performed and showed the same pattern. The only way of being more accurate is conducting more studies and experiments. Anxiety and mood disorders are commonly treated with psychotherapy, drugs and medications.
THE OUT-OF-BODY EXPERIENCE SUMMARY Out of body experience is “a feeling of departing from one’s physical body and observing both one’s self and the world from outside one’s body” (OBE). People suggested that it is like dreaming but more realistic and that is unlike anything they had experienced inside of their bodies. Also out of the body experience can be compare to sleep paralysis or lucid dreaming. For example, sleep paralysis can be considered a feeling of not being able to move when you are asleep or just waking up with signs of frightening hallucinations which can last to couple of minutes of couple of seconds. The controversy with sleep paralysis is that many people suggest that it is a medical condition, but others believe is supernatural because they feel a demon choking the victim or sitting on the victim’s chest (Archetypal Mind).
Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia. This may be the case because they all share many of the same symptoms as dementia, for example: Symptoms of depression: Anxiety, irritability, Delusions. Hallucinations increased or decreased by body movements. Pacing, wringing their hands, pulling or rubbing their hair, body, or clothing. Sleep disturbance: difficulty getting to sleep, staying asleep or especially waking up early.
A diagnosis can consist of hallucinations, delusions, strange behavior, lack of social skills, inability to feel pleasure, poverty of speech, and psychomotor retardation. There are many speculations about the causes of schizophrenia—some even believe that cannabis use (especially at such a young age) can increase the likelihood of forming it; along with a light body weight. Also, there are treatments out there for schizophrenia but the one that works the most effectively is an antipsychotic drug working in about 70% of patients. Only about 1 in 5 people recover from schizophrenia because some refuse the drugs or relapse from major stressors or the family
What is Sleep Apnea Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder in which you have one or more pauses in breathing while you sleep. Is a chronic disorder that affects your quality of sleep. Sleep apnea is one of the leading causes of daytime sleepiness increasing the risks of automobile accidents. Deprives you of a restorative sleep you need to be energetic and mentally sharp the next day. How you can help?
Sergio Siano Speech Communications 11/4/11 Sleep Deprivation Introduction Many college students and individuals are suffering from a health problem that can be more detrimental to their health than some forms of cancer. What is it? Sleep Deprivation. People are losing sleep daily, in such a fashion that most have trouble staying awake during work, driving, or even in class. Sleep deprivation is a serious medical situation that can harm your everyday life.
These combinations can cause many students to leave little time for adequate studying. In turn, students often pull “all-nighters” cramming for exams or writing papers. They begin to acquire sleep debt, which is an accumulation of many missed hours of needed sleep. Staying up all night cramming for an exam can be detrimental because it causes sleep debt, which in turn impairs memory, interferes with learning processes, and interferes with the ability to evaluate a performance during an exam. The first reason why staying up all night, cramming, is a mistake is because insufficient sleep decreases the ability to remember any new information.