Outline and Evaluate one explanations of sleep disorders Narcolepsy is caused by disruption of sleep wake cycle, where sufferers fall asleep randomly, often whilst engaging in some kind of activity. It is a long-term neurological condition that disrupts normal sleeping patterns which affects 1 in 2000 individuals. The two main symptoms are excessive daytime sleepiness and episodes of cataplexy which is loss of muscular control which often happens when laughing. Other symptoms include sleep paralysis and hallucinations, both experienced when falling asleep and waking up, and disturbed night-time sleep. Narcolepsy usually begins in adolescence and the type of severity of symptoms vary from person to person and may either worsen or improve with time.
Some physical and psychiatric causes of secondary insomnia include depression, anxiety disorders, heart disease or Parkinson’s disease. Primary insomnia describes cases where insomnia simply occurs on its own, with no known cause, for more than one month. Primary insomnia may be caused by the developments of bad sleeping habits. An example of primary insomnia might be shift work insomnia where a person may well be attempting to sleep at times when their body clock tells them they should be awake. There are numerous subtypes of primary insomnia including; psychophysiological insomnia which is a form of anxiety-induced insomnia caused by a worry about getting a lack of sleep, idiopathic insomnia which is a lifelong sleeplessness and sleep state misinterpretation where people sleep adequately but feel they do not.
With low level of lucidity, they can be aware to some extent they are dreaming, perhaps enough to fly, or modify what they do, but not enough to realize that people in the dream are only creations of their imagination. They are also unaware that they can suffer no physical damage in the dream or that they really are in bed. There are several methods of induced lucid dreams. The first step, regardless
Sleep terrors are a related disorder and both tend to run in families. SYMPTOMS: Sleepwalking is most often initiated during deep sleep but may occur in the lighter sleep stages or NREM, usually within a few hours of falling asleep, and the sleepwalker may be partially aroused
It is typical during a sleep terror for a person to scream, sweat, have a rapid pulse and sit up in bed. The person having a sleep terror may appear to be awake, but are unable to communicate. Most people will not respond to soothing words or comfort, they may try to run away. This event will last 20 minutes or less, then the person will lie down and go back to
Nightmares, Sleep Walking, and Night Terrors in Children Angela Barker Cameron University Abstract What are the possible causes of sleep problems such as nightmares, sleep walking, and night terrors in children? Nightmares are generally defined as dreams with strong negative or unpleasant emotions. The dreamer is woke up by the nightmare and usually clearly remembers the bad dream. Nightmares seem to be common among children yet not many studies have evaluated the relationship between anxiety and sleep problems in children. Sleep walking has been described as a person who is sleeping, has their eyes closed but may walk around as if they are awake.
The three classic kinds of extrasensory perception include telepathy, clairvoyance, and precognition. This sixth sense that some people might experience comes from supernatural and paranormal means. There are many ways to gain access to a sixth sense and the subconscious: self-hypnosis, visualization, meditation, talking positive, listening and paying attention to one’s dreams, and many more (Rifat, T.). All throughout history, extrasensory perception has been apart of many different cultures and countries around the globe. People have been trying to disprove the theory of extrasensory perception, otherwise known as the sixth sense, but has been proven to exist time and time again, even through hundreds of
The Art of the Sleep Cycle Sleeping, everybody does it, yet we can never get enough. There are many things that can happen while sleeping. Nightmares can occur, constantly wake up and not be able to fall back asleep due to sleep insomnia, it’s possible to sleep walk and perform vigorous activities that are uncontrollable. Dreams are unsolved mysteries caused by the chemical in your brain called Dimethyltryptamine. Even though it may not be believable, dreams occur every time sleeping happens.
Sometimes when something happens in a dream, we think it’s real so we can get scared and nervous just like we would if we were awake. Some dreams are more emotional than others. People tend to remember their emotional dreams because they often wake up directly from them. Recurring dreams reflect feelings and awareness that haven’t been successfully resolved in ones waking hours. People can remember their dreams.
Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder in which an individual experiences pauses of breath, or shallow breathing throughout the night. For adults, it can be caused by excess weight, which results in softer tissue of the mouth and throat. During sleep, this soft tissue, as it relaxes, can block the airway. However, many other problems or conditions can be the cause. Whereas, in children, sleep apnea can usually be caused by enlarged tonsils, an overbite or underbite, a tumor or a growth in the airway, and even birth defects such as down