New Netherland: Effects of the Fur Trade

1251 Words6 Pages
New Netherland: Effects of the Fur Trade Daniel Landis History 101 B002 Professor Hicks April 19, 2012 In northwestern Europe, Holland had become commercially dominating by 1600. During this time the Dutch struggled with Spain and Portugal regarding their independence. “…the Dutch seized Portuguese forts in Africa, Brazil, and Indonesia, gaining control of the Atlantic trade in slaves and the Indian Ocean commerce in East Indian spices and Chinese silks and ceramics.”1 The Dutch controlled most of the Worlds commerce with the establishment of the East India Company, but they needed a western route to the East Indies. It was the search for a western route to the East Indies that began a thriving fur trade with the Indians in the Americas and the wars that happened as a result. Henry Hudson was an English explorer that worked for both the English and the Dutch. In 1607 and 1608, Hudson led two failed voyages in search of a northeast passage to Asia, but he was able to learn more about Spitsbergen and the eastern coast of Greenland. In 1609, the Dutch East India Company asked Hudson to search again, but with the passage blocked by ice he was forced to change plans. With the help of Captain John Smith who he had been in contact with and also had received maps from, Hudson explored toward New York Bay. He traveled down the river now named the Hudson River to present day Albany.2 In 1614; merchants established Fort Orange and Holland chartered the West India Company. This gave the Dutch claim to the area with the permission of England who “…could not then afford to antagonize the Dutch because of wars with France and Spain…”3 Holland gained a monopoly in trade of American furs and West African slaves. New Netherland was founded through the creation of the West India Company. Holland’s East India Company was so successful that it inspired the
Open Document