on the other hand, British Indirect rule was a system where external military and tax control was operated by the British, while almost every other aspect of life was left to local pre-colonial aristocracies who had sided with the British during the conquest. The first two wars, known in America as King William's War and Queen Anne's War, pitted British colonials against French and their Indian allies. King William’s War turned partly on competition for the fur trade. The war played out in a series of costly but inconclusive skirmishes. Queen Anne’s War (1702–1713) was fought to determine who would be the Spanish monarch.
Manuel Rodriguez 12/20/2013 How Did the Enlightenment Cause the Latin American Revolution? European exploration began during the Middle Ages. During the late 13th century, Italian explorer Marco Polo went on a 25-year overland journey through Mongolia and Japan in search of a route to the Far East for trading textiles and spices that were essential to preserving food. Polo's account of his journey, The Travels of Marco Polo, published in 1477, was read by many future European explorers. (p. 1 European Exploration) In October 1492, Columbus landed on the island of Hispaniola (present-day Haiti and Dominican Republic).
The Mayflower Voyage The group that set out from Plymouth, in southwestern England, in September 1620 included 35 members of a radical Puritan faction known as the English Separatist Church. In 1607, after illegally breaking from the Church of England, the Separatists settled in the Netherlands, first in Amsterdam and later in the town of Leiden, where they remained for the next decade under the relatively lenient Dutch laws. Due to economic difficulties, as well as fears that they would lose their English language and heritage, they began to make plans to settle in the New World. Their intended destination was a region near the Hudson River, which at the time was thought to be part of the already established colony of Virginia. In 1620, the would-be settlers joined a London stock company that would finance their trip aboard the Mayflower, a three-masted merchant ship, in 1620.
This establishment quickly collapsed and the first permanent English colony of Jamestown was established 20 years later in 1607. With over a 100 year head start on England it would make sense that Spain capitalized the most on the New World; however it is quite the opposite. The differences in the colonization process helped England capitalize more by giving them the resources needed to bring them into the Industrial Revolution, and led Spain into a period of decline. There are many differences in how England and Spain colonized the new world. These differences include; the location of the colonized land, the treatment and relationship of the natives, reason for colonization, and the capitalization of the natural resources.
SPANISH VS. BRITISH COLONIZATION Dymond Nobles HIST 1301 July 22, 2015 Exploration of the New World was the product of European empires expanding in an attempt to secure new trade routes, to find new sources of goods, and to spread the dominant religions of the respective empires. The major difference between the British and Spanish enterprises is how they were organized. Spanish exploration of the New World was led by Christopher Columbus and Juan Ponce de Leon. The motivations for colonial expansion were trade and the spread of the Christian faith through indigenous conversions. Under the exploration of Christopher Columbus, the Spanish Empire explored great parts of what would become South, Central, and North America while the French and British Empires focused predominantly on North America.
Narrative Frameworks and Erasure: Early U.S. – Indian Policy The invasion of New England in the early 17th century by European settlers saw a delicate balance struck between Native Americans and New English settlers. The settlers depended on Native Americans for their survival, and in turn Native Americans sought to investigate and contain the new element in their territory. In time, settlers seeking to expand westward used violence and brought disease that decimated native populations. European settlers claimed the land it as their God-given right, and declared themselves the first civilized people to occupy the land. The invocation of divine will is an example of one of the many ways in which Europeans sought to change the story about their relationship with Native Americans during America’s early history.
The British owned East India Company, was already conducting illegal Opium trade across the China Indian border. In the late 18th Century and in the early 19th Century the British made attempts to diplomatically handle the opening of more trade ports, but the Manchu Emperor of the first meeting Qian-Long and the Emperor of the 2nd meeting Jia-Qing would not succumb to the British demands. Eventually this led to a more forceful approach from the British Empire and would be recorded in history as the Opium Wars. According to Randbir Vohra the Opium trade increased, “from c. 150,000 pounds in 1767 to c. 6 million pounds in 1838” (Vohra, 2000, 25). With the balance of trade shifting in favor of the British, silver was leaving China at an alarming rate.
The ships could yet return to England. The Negro slave trade became one of the most important business enterprises of the seventeenth century. The monopoly of the French slave trade was at the first assigned to the French West India Company in 1664, but yet they transferred in 1673, to the Senegal Company. The Monopoly of the Dutch Slave trade was given to the Dutch West India Company, incorporated in 1621. In the early as the 15 century, England passed from raising sheep and producing wool, an agricultural activity, to manufacturing cloth.
Vasco De Gama reached India in 1498. This was the beginning of the European infiltration of Indian Ocean trade, bringing about many changes. The Portuguese took over more trade and established ports like Goa in India. Then Britain too dominated trade in conjunction with joint stock companies like the Dutch East India Company. The Chinese traded silks, porcelain and other luxury goods with Europe and Arabia, even as the Ming set rules up for when, where and who could trade at specific spots.
The Legacy of Colonialism: South Africa Throughout the period of the European chaos which was started by the French Revolution, Great Britain became the leading sea power and occupied the Cape peninsula to stop it from going to the French. A British journey simply required that the Dutch officials surrender in 1795, and even though the Dutch redeemed the Cape again because of the terms of the Treaty of Amiens in 1803, the Dutch were kicked out yet another time in January 1806. By this time British power and control was established or complete in the opinion of the Europeans, but, of course, without taking in the consideration of meeting with and discussing it with the Southern Africans, in the peace settlement of 1814. In 1820, when the first large group of white settlers came to South Africa. The population of the white man took a major increase when there were 47,000 immigrants (43,000 of which were Dutch)(RD 95).