China, for example, supplied West Asia and the Mediterranean world with silk, while spices were obtained principally from South Asia. These goods were transported over vast distances— either by pack animals overland or by seagoing ships—along the Silk and Spice Routes, which were the main arteries of contact between the various ancient empires of the Old World. Another important trade route, known as the Incense Route, was controlled by the Arabs, who brought frankincense and myrrh by camel caravan from South Arabia. Cities along these trade routes grew rich providing services to merchants and acting as international marketplaces. Some, like Palmyra and Petra on the fringes of the Syrian Desert, flourished mainly as centers of trade supplying merchant caravans and policing the trade routes.
(Insert your name) Ancient Indian trading (Insert teacher’s name) (Insert subject) Ancient India trading Trade in ancient India was a major part of their culture 11/9/14 (Ancient India woven silk mat found in 2nd century Egyptian tomb) About 4500 ago India stated to expand out to sea, this started their sea trading. Once a regular sea route was established (in 2nd century) the Indian trade roaring until the Portuguese wiped out the whole trade in 1400S. Without trade India would not have had the latest weapons, medicines, news etc. Without these India would have exposed too many things like viruses or weapons like firearms. In the follow pages I will be proving that Trade in ancient India was a major part of their culture.
Not just products made their way across the eastern hemisphere but also ideas and new technology thanks to the indian ocean trade. Islamic empires in middle east - coffe bean – books -- weapons Jewish Africa – timber, animal hides, gold, and ivory Malaysia Sri lanka – black perpper China - silk, porcelain India – cotton cloth Southeast asia – spices rice Compass, astrolabe Ivory for sword handles – trade for it in india/Africa because elephants live there Wide range of resources available and import needs Ivory timbers books grains Monsoon winds – you would think of them as wind that bring rainy season. The great thing about seasons is that they come regularly and so do the Monsoon winds. Count on the wind to bring you from Africa to india and a return trip to Africa . In fact they are so predictable that travel guides would list ideal week of a curtain date or even the day.
Additionally, the noted competition of medieval monarchs for control of the market town trade and of the spice trade, as well as the copious documentation of Venice, Genoa, and Pisa regarding control of the Mediterranean trade of bullion clearly points to an early understanding of mercantilistic principles. However, as a codified school, mercantilism's real birth is marked by the Empiricism of the Renaissance, which first began to quantify large-scale trade accurately. England began the first large-scale and integrative approach to mercantilism during the Elizabethan Era (1558–1603). An early statement on national balance of trade appeared in Discourse of the Common Weal of this Realm of England, 1549: "We must always take heed that we buy no more from strangers than we sell them, for so should we impoverish ourselves and enrich them. " The period featured various but often disjointed efforts by the court of Queen Elizabeth to develop a naval and merchant fleet capable of challenging the Spanish stranglehold on trade and of expanding the growth of bullion at home.
 In the late Middle Ages, transcontinental trade over the land routes of the Silk Road declined as sea trade increased,.  In recent years, both the maritime and overland Silk Routes are again being used, often closely following the ancient routes. Trade on the Silk Road was a significant factor in the development of the great civilizations of China, India, Ancient Egypt, Persia, Arabia, and Ancient Rome, and in several respects helped lay the foundations for the modern world. Though silk was certainly the major trade item from China, many other goods were traded, and various technologies, religions and philosophies, as well as the bubonic plague (the "Black Death"), also traveled along the Silk Routes. Some of the other goods traded included luxuries such as silk, satin, hemp and other fine fabrics, musk, other perfumes, spices, medicines, jewels, glassware, and even rhubarb, as well as slaves.
Fundamental factors like the growing powers all the governments, a new thrust and desire for foreign goods- especially Asian goods, and a desire to spread the Christian religion drew the Europeans to the exploration, conquest and settlement of the New World. The key players in exploration of the New World all became more powerful. The Portuguese set up trading posts along the coast of Africa which allowed money to flow through the country, giving them more power. The marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile unified the kingdom of Spain, which increased its power. This increase in power made many countries and governments hungry for more power and would do anything to find it.
Since then, Hong Kong emerged as an important entrepot by the early twentieth century. The location as an entrepot prompted merchants to invest in industries relating to entrepot trade, including banking, insurance and shipbuilding. The government also spent more on infrastructure, including transport and communication systems, to support trading activities. Shanghai Similar to Hong Kong, Shanghai’s location has been influenced by Western colonialism and it was designated as a treaty port in 1842 (Abbas, 2000). The city then gradually developed into the leading industrial and commercial centre in the national economy by 1920.
Between 1420 and 1542 there was so much exploration occurring across many oceans (Pacific/Atlantic). The map of European exploration (Document 2) shows the areas explored and settled by Portuguese, and Spanish. This helps to show how over the centuries growth and expansion, had in fact, grown and expanded. This map only shows the travels of only the Portuguese and Spanish. It could be used to show how certain people under these rulers and how they benefited their rulers' search for conquest but took away everything from the natives.
The Beginnings of The Problem Opium had first arrived in London as a new medicinal trade product. It was new, compact, easily transported, and non-perishable. Trade with China proved very profitable and flourished for more than twenty years uninterrupted, until in 1835 China passed its first laws prohibiting the importation of opium (1). In the years following this prohibition, England responded simply by shifting the drop off points to other ports in China. China resisted these efforts, by England, to continue trade and began attacking their ships.
Early in the nineteenth century, the British had gained great influence and rule over China, for it was more modernized and developed, and consequently had more power. Not only that, but they started selling opium in China to balance their purchases of tea for export. (“Opium Wars” 35986). This resulted into an addiction to opium, a detrimental effect on the Chinese citizens caused by the Europeans. China’s response to this was to implement their prohibition against import of this drug by destroying a lot of opium on the ships arriving at the Port of Canton.