Explain what is meant by the term compensatory education Compensatory education are government educational policies such as operation head start in the USA that seek to tackle the problem of under achievement by providing extra support and funding to schools and families in deprived areas. Suggest three material factors that might cause working class educational under achievement. Poor housing can affect pupils underachievement for example overcrowding can have a direct effect making it hard for them to study as there is nowhere to do the homework or disturbed sleep from sharing bedrooms. Diet and health can affect pupils under achievement as Marilyn Howard 2001 notes that young people from poorer homes have lower intakes of energy, vitamins and minerals. Poor nutrition affects health which will lower children’s energy levels.
There are pros and cons to states that decided to experiment raising the age. Every individual has the right to make their own choices. It shouldn't be the governments decision to decide if a child is to drop out or not. Raising the drop out age has had equally bad results as to good results. Students might want to drop out because they are struggling in school, getting bullied, have a health issue, have personal family problems, or just have a planned out future that doesn't require a high school diploma.
There are many different factors that cause social class differences in educational achievement. In this essay I will be discussing the cultural factors of poverty and material deprivation, cultural deprivation, family socialisation and factors within the school. Some sociologists argue that material factors and the home background of students affect the attainment of students. They believe to due to the lack of income from working class parents, the students don’t receive a proper diet with vitamins, meaning they lack concentration. Also they will have a weaker immune system causing them to miss school due to illness.
“In addition, the laws fail to address the pressing problems of unequal educational resources across schools serving the wealthy and poor children and the shortage of well- prepared teachers in high-need schools." The factors that I believe contribute to performance are teachers and resources. Unfortunately, the complex requirements of the law have failed to achieve the goal of closing the gap and have sparked a number of unintended consequences that in most cases harm the students. Stringent measures have caused districts to compete for funding that is causing an unfair distribution funding to lower income communities. The practices that some of these districts are of a false and malicious nature.
Although standardized tests have been around for a very long time, there is still a mountain of controversy surrounding, if they are helpful or a hindrance to our elementary and secondary school students. Upon researching the positives and negatives of these types of tests, I have concluded that standardized tests have a negative effect on education. Standardized tests are developed by states independently; therefore, each states test is different from another’s. According to Webster’s dictionary the word, standardize means, to make standard or uniform. Let us look back in history to see how our leaders have tried to reform our educational structure.
They're not understanding why it is so important to go to school. Schools lose a lot of money due to students cutting class. They're also missing lectures causing them to get fail classes. Schools should have harsher consequences, such as two hours of Saturday school every unexcused absence. Therefore, the students can make up the work they missed.
Due to budget cuts to public schools, those extracurricular programs in those schools are the ones taking the biggest hit out of each of the programs. There are many parents who believe that taking their children out of public schools and putting them into STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics), pathway schools because it is more beneficial to their students overall learning. The argument is that in order to perform better on standardized testing in schools the arts are not as important and should not take president over core classes and they
A child spends eleven years in education and in that time they are to achieve levels of A* to C grade, then go onto University. What we neglect to remember is twenty six thousand students per year will leave school with no qualification and one in six, seventy five thousand fifteen year olds will have insignificant literacy skills (Education failure 2006). Many will seek employment and find jobs, but will not be able to attain the job because they lack the essential skills they need. They will feel the education system has failed them leaving them defeated and disappointed. These children come from all different background, low income families, single parent families, some ethnic groups, live in disadvantage areas, children who have special educational needs and children who are in care.
Who decides this? Is this system effective? Standardized testing is not effective and has produced additional issues in the classroom. Children are not learning, according to standardized test scores. The government, parents, and teachers are trying all they can to come up with a successful solution.
It is known that standardized tests are not perfect indicators of knowledge for all students and can have a measurement error. Teachers using grades as a criterion for identifying underachievers based on the first description also ignores many problems found in both school curriculums and classrooms. For example, there are many assignments given in a class that do not accurately judge whether a student has mastered the assigned curriculum. Another issue with using classrooms grades as a guide for determining underachievement is that many gifted students will never be discovered if the underachievement begins at an early age in school. The second description above mentioning predicted achievement and actual achievement is a difficult definition to use, though it may be very accurate given enough data.