Slavery had been around since Texas was first settled and cotton being the cash crop, slave labor helped generate a lot of money for the state. Abolishing slavery at the time would have left their economy in ruins. Borderland security was also an issue for Texas. Not only did they face hardships from the native Americans, but also from their southern neighbors of Mexico and money that was being spent by the state to secure their borders was not being reimbursed by the federal government. They felt this was unfair because Texas being a part of the union should be protected and funded by the federal government.
Although Congress passed for bills known as the Alien and Sedition Acts in 1798 intending to help protect the government of the united states from potential threats, they did not truly protect Americans from their foreign enemies. There were many controversies that developed around and because of these acts. The Alien Acts had three parts. The first part stated that you had to live on U.S. soil for at least fourteen years in oder to become a citizen. This made it harder for foreighners to become citizens.The second part stated that the President had power to deport all aliens that he thought dangerous to the peace and safety of the United States.
The U.S. foreign-policy statement first enunciated by President James Monroe on Dec. 2, 1823, declaring the Western Hemisphere off-limits to European colonization. Concerned that the European powers would attempt to restore Spain's former colonies, he declared, inter alia, that any attempt by a European power to control any nation in the Western Hemisphere would be viewed as a hostile act against the U.S. It was reiterated in 1845 and 1848 by Pres. James K. Polk to discourage Spain and Britain from establishing footholds in Oregon, California, or on Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula. In 1865 the U.S. massed troops on the Rio Grande to back up demands that France withdraw from Mexico.
Socially, imperialists believed it was their duty to spread American wealth and ideals to the new territories. Nationalism was on the rise following the industrial revolution. Albert Beveridge, a senator from Iowa believed that “the flag has always been on the march” and used biblical quotes to justify the colonization of the Philippines (Congressional Speeches on Imperialism Albert Beveridge). He would also instill the popular justification that these colonies weren’t capable of governing themselves. It would be irresponsible to let anarchy settle in.
Pride in American nationalism, visions of social perfection, and religious expansion were components that would individually drive settlers to conquest the West. Together these components represent a strong ideological need, in mid-nineteenth century American's, to command from coast to coast. By 1845 the annexation of Texas had been a long standing, controversial issue. Although Congress voted on annexation early in 1845, Texas had not accepted. In the July–August 1845 issue of the Democratic Review, American columnist and editor John O'sullivan published his essay titled “Annexation.” The goal of this essay was to persuade the people it was time to put an end to the opposition of Texas becoming a state.
The Homestead Act was introduced to let Native Americans who were already citizens to get land as well as women. It’s basically the same thing as the Dawes Act because they were both helping the United States grow westward but then again, the Native Americans weren’t happy about it. It was successful in helping the United States move westward but the Native Americans weren’t happy about it because their land was being taken away from them. Students would have made modified it to make it fairer to the Indians by putting them in favor. They would have probably given them ¼ of the land in the west and took the rest.
When Germany asked Mexico to join the war against USA, this message was deciphered and led to the entry of USA in the war. In 1917 Russia withdrew from the war, which allowed Germany to send over the troops from the Eastern Front to the Western front. This allowed the Ludendorff Offensive take place. The strategy worked well in assumption, but in reality the casualties were extreme and the tactic exhausted the men. The strategy was to send German troops to push back the French and British lines, they were able to push back the lines, but they weren’t able to break the French lines.
The American Revolution did not satisfy the colonial goals for civil, political, social, and economic rights; however the Constitution did. All the American Revolution did was drive the British out of America. With the British gone the Americans had the ability to strive for civil, political, social, and economic rights, but the Articles of Confederation became an obstacle in their path to their rightful goals. During the American Revolution the American people wrote a lot about what they wanted to accomplish and attain. In Document A, the Declaration of the Causes and Necessities of Taking Up Arms, it is written that the American people feel they have been wronged by England because their rights are restricted and wish for these basic rights to happiness and such.
These words, the Cry of Dolores, incited a revolution for change in New Spain in the early decade of the 1800s.Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, called the Father of Mexico, spoke these words on September 16, 1810 in front of a group of what seemed like random men, but were in fact banded together for want of freedom from the peninsulars or pure blooded Spanish born in Spain. Miguel Hidalgo joined with other Mexican revolutionaries such as, Ignacio Allende, Mariano Abasolo, Juan Aldama, and Jose Maria Morelos (Hamill, 100).“They could fight for exalted abstractions like God and king” (Henderson, 74). Miguel Hidalgo was in fact a mad man because of his obvious lack of military experience and organization, his killing of innocence, and setback of advancement for Mexico’s poor. He knew not was it was like to be a military man and also, he eventual loss and execution made the Spanish believe that the poor had to be kept in their place out of fear of another rebellion. This caused even harsher treatment of New Spain’s lower class.
Mostly what they did was lower taxes on income and company profits; this gave the wealthy more money to invest in American buildings and industry, thus Americans had more money to spend on the commodities that were being produced and it further allowed for a growth of American business’ and monopolies. Additionally, they started putting taxes on imported goods which promoted the purchase of national made items, hence helping American producers. This measure also had a negative side as it had a high risk of deteriorating international trading between the United States and other European and South American countries. Moreover, they did not interfere with people's businesses due to their ‘Lassez Faire’ policy, neither had they put any restrictions on financial institutions and banks which gave them more freedom and money to spend and therefore have a greater profit. However this pro-business agenda that the Republicans had proposed, wasn’t beneficiary to all American people.