Over time, the Mexican government became more centralized, less federalist, and eventually steered the Texans to call for independence. Early in March 1836, Texas declared its independence from Mexico; and for the next two months, bloody battles ensued. Mexico, under supreme dictator and President Santa Anna, vowed to remove the Anglo-American brigands from Mexico. Sam Houston’s small, undertrained and underequipped army of ragtag volunteers conducted a tactical retreat to gain time, manpower, and material as well as spread the Mexican army’s supply lines over one thousand miles. Houston’s goal was to conduct a campaign of his choosing and not that of the Mexican army.
The Alamo which was known as the Battle site is now “the most popular tourist site in Texas.” The Battle of San Jacinto was led by Sam Houston on April 21, 1836. The Texas Army defeated the Mexican Army and many died from the Mexican Army. The general of the Mexican army at that time was General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. Antonio Lopez was then captured after the defeat and later signed the peace treaties which forced the Mexican Army to leave Texas. During the Texas revolution, there was a variety of weapons used.
[pic] The holiday of Cinco De Mayo, is celebrated on the 5th of May, which commemorates the victory of the Mexican military over the French army at The Battle Of Puebla in 1862. It is primarily a regional holiday celebrated in the Mexican state capital city of Puebla and throughout the state of Puebla, with some limited recognition in other parts of Mexico, and especially in United States cities with a significant Mexican population.The battle at Puebla in 1862 had happened at a very violent and chaotic time in Mexico's history. Mexico had finally gained independence from Spain in 1821 after a difficult and bloody struggle, and a number of internal political takeovers and wars, including the Mexican-American War (1846-1848) and the Mexican Civil War of 1858, which had ruined the national economy.During this period of struggle, Mexico had accumulated heavy debts to several nations, including Spain, England and France, who were demanding repayment. When Mexico had finally stopped making any loan payments, France had took action on its own to install Napoleon III's relative, Archduke Maximilian of Austria, as ruler of Mexico. The french army were marching on toward Mexico City, when they had encountered a strong resistance near Puebla at the Mexican forts of Loreto and Guadalupe.
He fought against Spanish rule in 1811 with the inspiration of George Washington. After eight long years, he brought an army together and crushed the Spanish army of Colombia. The occupation of his forces led to the Peninsular War, which gave the Spanish Creole an opportunity to gain independence from their mother country. This resulted in a series of revolutions that took place all over Spanish America. This revolution has a great impact and long-lasting implications on the countries in Latin America.
One of the most decisive engagements of the Civil War took place in early July 1863 in and around the sleepy southern Pennsylvania town of Gettysburg. The principal armies of both sides fought over woods, cornfields and hills from July 1 to July 3 with the Union emerging victorious. The defeat of Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia by Union Major General George G. Meade's Army of the Potomac during the three day battle dealt a crushing blow to already dwindling Southern hopes for independence. The Confederacy was in a desperate military situation in late May 1863. The Union seemed about to seize the besieged city of Vicksburg, Mississippi and capture an entire Confederate army, which was trapped up in the town.
The Union controlled the fort for the biggest part of the war. In 1863 and 1864 the General William Sherman led the Union soldiers to capture Jackson and Meridian, Mississippi. After the capture, General Sherman burnt both the cities. In The Battle of Meridian Sherman said, “I want this place wiped completely off the map (Hirshon 185).” These actions enraged Gen. Forrest. In March 1864 Forrest went on a month long raid to capture Union prisoners and supplies and to demolish forts and posts.
A People’s History of the United States: Reflection Chapter 8 We Take Nothing by Conquest, Thank God This chapter gives a summary of the events that centered around America’s newfound greed for land. It details James J. Polk’s leadership as president of a nation that was quickly expanding, yet expanding at a cost. President Polk wants to annex Texas and, in general, gain more land, but he does so without concern for the native people already living there. Zinn gives a quote from the diary of Colonel Ethan Allen Hitchcock, who opposed measures taken by General Taylor (under Polk) to annex Texas. Hitchcock explains, “He seems to have lost all respect for Mexican rights and is willing to be an instrument of Mr. Polk for pushing our boundary as far west as possible,” (Zinn 150).
On March 20, 1865, the day of the planned kidnapping, Lincoln failed to appear at the spot where Booth and his six fellow conspirators lay in wait. Two weeks later, Richmond fell to Union forces. In April, with Confederate armies near collapse across the South, Booth came up with a desperate plan to save the Confederacy. Learning that Lincoln was to attend Laura Keene's acclaimed performance at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C., on April 14, Booth himself a well-known actor at the time planned the assassination of Lincoln, By murdering the president and two of his possible successors, Booth and his co-conspirators hoped to throw the states government into
This transition caused American settler's living in Texas to seize several of Santa Anna's garrisons, including the Alamo. The author states though that the questionable historical inaccuracies occur when historians and directors try and find out why the Americans decided to stay and fight for the Alamo when there was no clear chance of winning the battle. The 1960's movie suggests it was a fight for freedom for Americans, and therefore could be why the director left out the fact that the fight for defending the Alamo was led by four groups of people, including one group of Mexicans seeking to restore the Mexican Republic. In addition, the author
When the United States refused to surrender Fort Sumter in South Carolina, the Confederates attacked the fort, beginning the American Civil War. Later, four more states (Arkansas, Virginia, Tennessee, and North Carolina) joined the Confederacy for a total of eleven. In his whole period as President, he had to rebuild the Union with military force and many bloody battles. He also had to stop the "border states", like Kentucky, Missouri, and Maryland, from leaving the Union and joining the