Battle of San Jacinto

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The Battle of San Jacinto The Struggle for Texas’ Independence Abstract The Battle of San Jacinto: The Struggle for Texas’ Independence Sam Houston’s outstanding leadership and immediate action led the Texas Army to ultimately defeat the larger Mexican Army at the Battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836. During the early 1820’s, numerous Anglo-American colonists came to Mexico. Their goal was to set up house on the rich, fertile lands of the Gulf Coast region. These settlers arrived as free men in search of opportunity and affordable land provided by the Mexican government for farming and raising cattle. Over time, the Mexican government became more centralized, less federalist, and eventually steered the Texans to call for independence. Early in March 1836, Texas declared its independence from Mexico; and for the next two months, bloody battles ensued. Mexico, under supreme dictator and President Santa Anna, vowed to remove the Anglo-American brigands from Mexico. Sam Houston’s small, undertrained and underequipped army of ragtag volunteers conducted a tactical retreat to gain time, manpower, and material as well as spread the Mexican army’s supply lines over one thousand miles. Houston’s goal was to conduct a campaign of his choosing and not that of the Mexican army. His retreat from the open plains to the wooded areas of East Texas made this possible. The two armies later met in a decisive battle, the battle of San Jacinto. Yet some historians believe it was Santa Anna’s impetuous disregard for life and the Texas colonists that led him to make tactical errors, which led to the loss of the battle of San Jacinto. This paper will attempt to present this counterpoint argument throughout the composition. The Battle of San Jacinto April 21, 1836 is perhaps the most honored day in the history of Texas. On this date barely two months following the massacre of
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