Khrushchev, by denouncing Stalin, was also criticizing the Great Leap forward and, even more dangerously, Mao himself. Khrushchev’s disaproval of Mao’s policy became further evident when Soviet economic aid was withdrawn from China in 1960. This series of events can be interpreted as being down to personal rivalries not only between Khrushchev and Mao, but also between Khrushchev and Stalin. In 1950 the Treaty of friendship had been signed between the USSR and, the recently communist nation, China. This treaty stated that, in return for military and economic aid, China would recognize Russiaa as the Communist World Leader.
The second outcome of the revolutions was that the countries were dramatically changed, two great powers were stopped and communist leaders eventually took over in the two countries. Russia and China both shared similar goals in that they both wanted a new form of government and leadership. Russia’s ruler was Tsar Nicholas II which ruled Russia for more than three centuries. China’s ruling dynasty was the Qing Dynasty. Tsar Nicholas II wasn’t much of a good ruler for Russia; he ignored the fact that Russia wasn’t doing so good and overlooked the industrialization and nationalism that was occurring throughout Russia.
The change in Chinese policy was to shatter the perception of a bipolar world that existed since the beginning of the cold war. Superpower relations were now best described as a triangular process involving china, the USSR and the USA. Therefore, the deterioration in Sino-soviet relations in the years 1958-69 was due to a change in China’s foreign policy to protect Chinese national security, rather than simply being put down to personal rivalries. The communist takeover of China in 1949 was viewed by the US government as another victory for the forces of world communism. Mao was seen as an instrument of the Soviet Union’s bid to spread worldwide revolution.
However, as America gained significant power during the preceding years, the U.S underwent a period of isolationism, in oppose to imperialism, to protect their territorial gains. America’s isolationist beliefs stem back to the country’s colonial days. Thomas Paine expressed isolationist notions in his work “Common Sense”, which presented numerous arguments for rejecting alliances. Paine's works caused so much political influence that the Continental Congress denied an alliance with France and only required one, when it appeared probable that America necessitated one. George Washington and his Farewell Address also expressed America’s isolationism.
Erick Romero 10/19/14 2A Explain the origin(s) of the Chinese Civil War, and to what extent was the Communist victory due to the use of guerrilla warfare In the early 20th century, China ran into political turmoil. With the revolution in 1911, in which the last dynasty, the Manchu dynasty was overthrown. The new Republic failed to set hold on China and warlord era would start. But China continued to be oppressed by many foreign powers because it lacked a strong central government. The Chinese Civil War was caused by two opposed political parties, the communists and the nationalists, to see who would be able to restore order and regain central power over China to bring it back to its glory.
Mao adapted Communist ideas to China and he followed in Joseph Stalin’s footsteps by abusing his power and crippling the Chinese in fear with his totalitarian rule. In this essay I will be exploring the factors contributing to one of the biggest disputes in historical knowledge. Was Mao Zedong’s role in achieving communism genuine or has it been exaggerated and morphed by the Asian populations living under absolute despotism. “Idealism is no panacea in a totalitarian regime.” 1 - Quoted by a 20th century philosopher. It wasn’t said about Mao however it adapts to his ideas and aspirations.
They were not happy with the change in government; therefore, they fought back. The westernization of India was immediately followed with battles. The Battle of Plassey lead by Nabob rulers against the British was India’s attempt to fight back the Europeans from colonizing their land. Unfortunately, the Indian’s futile attempts to keep out the British failed. They lost the battle, and Britain’s rule over India strengthened.
Eventually, nationalistic movements in these countries rose up in an attempt to get rid of foreign influence and gain independence. China was considered to be within the sphere of British influence. Britain never completely controlled the Chinese government, but did influence political and economic affairs greatly. British control began to withdraw from China at the end of the 19th century, and many nationalistic movements began to arise. In 1911, the Revolutionary Alliance, led by Sun Yixian, overthrew the last Qing emperor.
The effects of the French and Indian War played a chief role in the fading relationship between England and its colonies that ultimately led into the Revolutionary War. Americans did not trust the British because they guaranteed the colonies were allowed to move west when The French and Indian War was won but the British withdrew on their promise (King’s Proclamation). American colonist felt that they were lied to since they specifically fought in the French and Indian war to gain more land to the west. Not because they had a problem with the French, like the British. To the colonies an expansion to the west meant more opportunity.
He claims that states wish to maximize their relative power position and this leads to uncertainty about the real intensions of other states. He concludes that the world is condemned to perpetual great power competition and distrust which will ultimately always leave us on the brink of war. In his article he questions whether powerful China would accept US military forces in its backyard. He also expects that the United States would stop at nothing to subdue China’s growth in Asia and stresses that the tragedy of great power politics is the distrust and uncertainty between