Mearsheimer's Theory Of Hegemony

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Mearsheimer introduces the concept of hegemony as a principle of leadership or predominant influence exercised by one nation over another. It is a 15th century Greek word for aggressive leadership and supremacy which has strong links to expansionism by large nations to achieve world domination. Mearsheimer is analyzing China’s rise as a superpower and its growing competition with the USA. He argues that if China continues to grow in the way the USA did in the 1700’s,the USA will be forced to try to subdue China’s territorial aggression and it would possibly be joined by India, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Russia and Vietnam. This will be in an attempt to prevent China’s bid to control the East Asian area. He also says that if china gains greater power it will definitely push to reduce USA influence within Asia. Mearsheimer uses realist theories related to Self-help, statism and survival to support his argument. He maintains that without strong survival policies a state cannot achieve what they want and that there is little or no trust between the intentions of states. The article by Mearsheimer contains elements of classical realism, structural realism and offensive…show more content…
He claims that states wish to maximize their relative power position and this leads to uncertainty about the real intensions of other states. He concludes that the world is condemned to perpetual great power competition and distrust which will ultimately always leave us on the brink of war. In his article he questions whether powerful China would accept US military forces in its backyard. He also expects that the United States would stop at nothing to subdue China’s growth in Asia and stresses that the tragedy of great power politics is the distrust and uncertainty between

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